rendservice.c 46.3 KB
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/* Copyright (c) 2004-2006, Roger Dingledine, Nick Mathewson.
 * Copyright (c) 2007, The Tor Project, Inc. */
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/* See LICENSE for licensing information */
/* $Id$ */
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const char rendservice_c_id[] =
  "$Id$";
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/**
 * \file rendservice.c
 * \brief The hidden-service side of rendezvous functionality.
 **/
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#include "or.h"

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static origin_circuit_t *find_intro_circuit(rend_intro_point_t *intro,
                                            const char *pk_digest,
                                            int desc_version);
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/** Represents the mapping from a virtual port of a rendezvous service to
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 * a real port on some IP.
 */
typedef struct rend_service_port_config_t {
  uint16_t virtual_port;
  uint16_t real_port;
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  uint32_t real_addr;
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} rend_service_port_config_t;

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/** Try to maintain this many intro points per service if possible. */
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#define NUM_INTRO_POINTS 3

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/** If we can't build our intro circuits, don't retry for this long. */
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#define INTRO_CIRC_RETRY_PERIOD (60*5)
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/** Don't try to build more than this many circuits before giving up
 * for a while.*/
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#define MAX_INTRO_CIRCS_PER_PERIOD 10
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/** How many times will a hidden service operator attempt to connect to
 * a requested rendezvous point before giving up? */
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#define MAX_REND_FAILURES 30
/** How many seconds should we spend trying to connect to a requested
 * rendezvous point before giving up? */
#define MAX_REND_TIMEOUT 30
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/** Represents a single hidden service running at this OP. */
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typedef struct rend_service_t {
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  /** Fields specified in config file */
  char *directory; /**< where in the filesystem it stores it */
  smartlist_t *ports; /**< List of rend_service_port_config_t */
  char *intro_prefer_nodes; /**< comma-separated list of nicknames */
  char *intro_exclude_nodes; /**< comma-separated list of nicknames */
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  /* Other fields */
  crypto_pk_env_t *private_key;
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  char service_id[REND_SERVICE_ID_LEN_BASE32+1];
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  char pk_digest[DIGEST_LEN];
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  smartlist_t *intro_nodes; /**< List of rend_intro_point_t's we have,
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                             * or are trying to establish. */
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  time_t intro_period_started;
  int n_intro_circuits_launched; /**< count of intro circuits we have
                                  * established in this period. */
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  /* DOCDOC undocumented versions */
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  rend_service_descriptor_t *desc;
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  time_t desc_is_dirty;
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  time_t next_upload_time;
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  int descriptor_version; /**< Rendezvous descriptor version that will be
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                           * published. */
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} rend_service_t;

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/** A list of rend_service_t's for services run on this OP.
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 */
static smartlist_t *rend_service_list = NULL;

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/** Return the number of rendezvous services we have configured. */
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int
num_rend_services(void)
{
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  if (!rend_service_list)
    return 0;
  return smartlist_len(rend_service_list);
}

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/** Release the storage held by <b>service</b>.
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 */
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static void
rend_service_free(rend_service_t *service)
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{
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  if (!service) return;
  tor_free(service->directory);
  SMARTLIST_FOREACH(service->ports, void*, p, tor_free(p));
  smartlist_free(service->ports);
  if (service->private_key)
    crypto_free_pk_env(service->private_key);
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  if (service->intro_nodes) {
    SMARTLIST_FOREACH(service->intro_nodes, rend_intro_point_t *, intro,
      rend_intro_point_free(intro););
    smartlist_free(service->intro_nodes);
  }
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  tor_free(service->intro_prefer_nodes);
  tor_free(service->intro_exclude_nodes);
  if (service->desc)
    rend_service_descriptor_free(service->desc);
  tor_free(service);
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}

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/** Release all the storage held in rend_service_list.
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 */
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void
rend_service_free_all(void)
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{
  if (!rend_service_list) {
    return;
  }
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  SMARTLIST_FOREACH(rend_service_list, rend_service_t*, ptr,
                    rend_service_free(ptr));
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  smartlist_free(rend_service_list);
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  rend_service_list = NULL;
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}

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/** Validate <b>service</b> and add it to rend_service_list if possible.
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 */
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static void
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rend_add_service(rend_service_t *service)
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{
  int i;
  rend_service_port_config_t *p;
  struct in_addr addr;

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  if (!service->intro_prefer_nodes)
    service->intro_prefer_nodes = tor_strdup("");
  if (!service->intro_exclude_nodes)
    service->intro_exclude_nodes = tor_strdup("");
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  service->intro_nodes = smartlist_create();
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  /* If the service is configured to publish unversioned (v0) and versioned
   * descriptors (v2 or higher), split it up into two separate services. */
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  if (service->descriptor_version == -1) {
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    rend_service_t *v0_service = tor_malloc_zero(sizeof(rend_service_t));
    v0_service->directory = tor_strdup(service->directory);
    v0_service->ports = smartlist_create();
    SMARTLIST_FOREACH(service->ports, rend_service_port_config_t *, p, {
      rend_service_port_config_t *copy =
        tor_malloc_zero(sizeof(rend_service_port_config_t));
      memcpy(copy, p, sizeof(rend_service_port_config_t));
      smartlist_add(v0_service->ports, copy);
    });
    v0_service->intro_prefer_nodes = tor_strdup(service->intro_prefer_nodes);
    v0_service->intro_exclude_nodes = tor_strdup(service->intro_exclude_nodes);
    v0_service->intro_period_started = service->intro_period_started;
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    v0_service->descriptor_version = 0; /* Unversioned descriptor. */
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    rend_add_service(v0_service);
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    service->descriptor_version = 2; /* Versioned descriptor. */
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  }

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  if (!smartlist_len(service->ports)) {
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    log_warn(LD_CONFIG, "Hidden service with no ports configured; ignoring.");
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    rend_service_free(service);
  } else {
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    smartlist_set_capacity(service->ports, -1);
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    smartlist_add(rend_service_list, service);
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    log_debug(LD_REND,"Configuring service with directory \"%s\"",
              service->directory);
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    for (i = 0; i < smartlist_len(service->ports); ++i) {
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      char addrbuf[INET_NTOA_BUF_LEN];
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      p = smartlist_get(service->ports, i);
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      addr.s_addr = htonl(p->real_addr);
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      tor_inet_ntoa(&addr, addrbuf, sizeof(addrbuf));
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      log_debug(LD_REND,"Service maps port %d to %s:%d",
                p->virtual_port, addrbuf, p->real_port);
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    }
  }
}

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/** Parses a real-port to virtual-port mapping and returns a new
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 * rend_service_port_config_t.
 *
 * The format is: VirtualPort (IP|RealPort|IP:RealPort)?
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 *
 * IP defaults to 127.0.0.1; RealPort defaults to VirtualPort.
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 */
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static rend_service_port_config_t *
parse_port_config(const char *string)
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{
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  smartlist_t *sl;
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  int virtport;
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  int realport;
  uint16_t p;
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  uint32_t addr;
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  const char *addrport;
  rend_service_port_config_t *result = NULL;

  sl = smartlist_create();
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  smartlist_split_string(sl, string, " ",
                         SPLIT_SKIP_SPACE|SPLIT_IGNORE_BLANK, 0);
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  if (smartlist_len(sl) < 1 || smartlist_len(sl) > 2) {
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    log_warn(LD_CONFIG, "Bad syntax in hidden service port configuration.");
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    goto err;
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  }
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  virtport = atoi(smartlist_get(sl,0));
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  if (virtport < 1 || virtport > 65535) {
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    log_warn(LD_CONFIG, "Missing or invalid port in hidden service port "
             "configuration.");
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    goto err;
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  }
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  if (smartlist_len(sl) == 1) {
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    /* No addr:port part; use default. */
    realport = virtport;
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    addr = 0x7F000001u; /* 127.0.0.1 */
  } else {
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    addrport = smartlist_get(sl,1);
    if (strchr(addrport, ':') || strchr(addrport, '.')) {
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      if (parse_addr_port(LOG_WARN, addrport, NULL, &addr, &p)<0) {
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        log_warn(LD_CONFIG,"Unparseable address in hidden service port "
                 "configuration.");
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        goto err;
      }
      realport = p?p:virtport;
    } else {
      /* No addr:port, no addr -- must be port. */
      realport = atoi(addrport);
      if (realport < 1 || realport > 65535)
        goto err;
      addr = 0x7F000001u; /* Default to 127.0.0.1 */
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    }
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  }

  result = tor_malloc(sizeof(rend_service_port_config_t));
  result->virtual_port = virtport;
  result->real_port = realport;
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  result->real_addr = addr;
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 err:
  SMARTLIST_FOREACH(sl, char *, c, tor_free(c));
  smartlist_free(sl);
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  return result;
}

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/** Set up rend_service_list, based on the values of HiddenServiceDir and
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 * HiddenServicePort in <b>options</b>.  Return 0 on success and -1 on
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 * failure.  (If <b>validate_only</b> is set, parse, warn and return as
 * normal, but don't actually change the configured services.)
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 */
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int
rend_config_services(or_options_t *options, int validate_only)
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{
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  config_line_t *line;
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  rend_service_t *service = NULL;
  rend_service_port_config_t *portcfg;
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  if (!validate_only) {
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    rend_service_free_all();
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    rend_service_list = smartlist_create();
  }
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  for (line = options->RendConfigLines; line; line = line->next) {
    if (!strcasecmp(line->key, "HiddenServiceDir")) {
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      if (service) {
        if (validate_only)
          rend_service_free(service);
        else
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          rend_add_service(service);
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      }
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      service = tor_malloc_zero(sizeof(rend_service_t));
      service->directory = tor_strdup(line->value);
      service->ports = smartlist_create();
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      service->intro_period_started = time(NULL);
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      service->descriptor_version = -1; /**< All descriptor versions. */
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      continue;
    }
    if (!service) {
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      log_warn(LD_CONFIG, "%s with no preceding HiddenServiceDir directive",
               line->key);
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      rend_service_free(service);
      return -1;
    }
    if (!strcasecmp(line->key, "HiddenServicePort")) {
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      portcfg = parse_port_config(line->value);
      if (!portcfg) {
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        rend_service_free(service);
        return -1;
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      }
      smartlist_add(service->ports, portcfg);
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    } else if (!strcasecmp(line->key, "HiddenServiceNodes")) {
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      if (service->intro_prefer_nodes) {
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        log_warn(LD_CONFIG,
                 "Got multiple HiddenServiceNodes lines for a single "
                 "service.");
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        return -1;
      }
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      service->intro_prefer_nodes = tor_strdup(line->value);
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    } else if (!strcasecmp(line->key, "HiddenServiceExcludeNodes")) {
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      if (service->intro_exclude_nodes) {
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        log_warn(LD_CONFIG,
                 "Got multiple HiddenServiceExcludedNodes lines for "
                 "a single service.");
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        return -1;
      }
      service->intro_exclude_nodes = tor_strdup(line->value);
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    } else {
      smartlist_t *versions;
      char *version_str;
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      int i, version, versions_bitmask = 0;
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      tor_assert(!strcasecmp(line->key, "HiddenServiceVersion"));
      versions = smartlist_create();
      smartlist_split_string(versions, line->value, ",",
                             SPLIT_SKIP_SPACE|SPLIT_IGNORE_BLANK, 0);
      for (i = 0; i < smartlist_len(versions); i++) {
        version_str = smartlist_get(versions, i);
        if (strlen(version_str) != 1 || strspn(version_str, "02") != 1) {
          log_warn(LD_CONFIG,
                   "HiddenServiceVersion can only be 0 and/or 2.");
          return -1;
        }
        version = atoi(version_str);
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        versions_bitmask |= 1 << version;
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      }
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      /* If exactly one version is set, change descriptor_version to that
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       * value; otherwise leave it at -1. */
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      if (versions_bitmask == 1 << 0) service->descriptor_version = 0;
      if (versions_bitmask == 1 << 2) service->descriptor_version = 2;
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    }
  }
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  if (service) {
    if (validate_only)
      rend_service_free(service);
    else
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      rend_add_service(service);
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  }
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  return 0;
}

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/** Replace the old value of <b>service</b>-\>desc with one that reflects
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 * the other fields in service.
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 */
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static void
rend_service_update_descriptor(rend_service_t *service)
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{
  rend_service_descriptor_t *d;
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  origin_circuit_t *circ;
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  int i;
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  if (service->desc) {
    rend_service_descriptor_free(service->desc);
    service->desc = NULL;
  }
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  d = service->desc = tor_malloc_zero(sizeof(rend_service_descriptor_t));
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  d->pk = crypto_pk_dup_key(service->private_key);
  d->timestamp = time(NULL);
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  d->version = service->descriptor_version;
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  d->intro_nodes = smartlist_create();
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  /* Whoever understands descriptor version 2 also understands intro
   * protocol 2. So we only support 2. */
  d->protocols = 1 << 2;
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  for (i = 0; i < smartlist_len(service->intro_nodes); ++i) {
    rend_intro_point_t *intro_svc = smartlist_get(service->intro_nodes, i);
    rend_intro_point_t *intro_desc;
    circ = find_intro_circuit(intro_svc, service->pk_digest, d->version);
    if (!circ || circ->_base.purpose != CIRCUIT_PURPOSE_S_INTRO)
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      continue;
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    /* We have an entirely established intro circuit. */
    intro_desc = tor_malloc_zero(sizeof(rend_intro_point_t));
    intro_desc->extend_info = extend_info_dup(intro_svc->extend_info);
    if (intro_svc->intro_key)
      intro_desc->intro_key = crypto_pk_dup_key(intro_svc->intro_key);
    smartlist_add(d->intro_nodes, intro_desc);
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  }
}

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/** Load and/or generate private keys for all hidden services.  Return 0 on
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 * success, -1 on failure.
 */
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int
rend_service_load_keys(void)
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{
  int i;
  rend_service_t *s;
  char fname[512];
  char buf[128];

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  for (i=0; i < smartlist_len(rend_service_list); ++i) {
    s = smartlist_get(rend_service_list,i);
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    if (s->private_key)
      continue;
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    log_info(LD_REND, "Loading hidden-service keys from \"%s\"",
             s->directory);
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    /* Check/create directory */
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    if (check_private_dir(s->directory, CPD_CREATE) < 0)
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      return -1;

    /* Load key */
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    if (strlcpy(fname,s->directory,sizeof(fname)) >= sizeof(fname) ||
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        strlcat(fname,PATH_SEPARATOR"private_key",sizeof(fname))
                                                  >= sizeof(fname)) {
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      log_warn(LD_CONFIG, "Directory name too long to store key file: \"%s\".",
               s->directory);
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      return -1;
    }
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    s->private_key = init_key_from_file(fname, 1, LOG_ERR);
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    if (!s->private_key)
      return -1;

    /* Create service file */
    if (rend_get_service_id(s->private_key, s->service_id)<0) {
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      log_warn(LD_BUG, "Internal error: couldn't encode service ID.");
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      return -1;
    }
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    if (crypto_pk_get_digest(s->private_key, s->pk_digest)<0) {
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      log_warn(LD_BUG, "Couldn't compute hash of public key.");
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      return -1;
    }
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    if (strlcpy(fname,s->directory,sizeof(fname)) >= sizeof(fname) ||
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        strlcat(fname,PATH_SEPARATOR"hostname",sizeof(fname))
                                                  >= sizeof(fname)) {
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      log_warn(LD_CONFIG, "Directory name too long to store hostname file:"
               " \"%s\".", s->directory);
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      return -1;
    }
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    tor_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),"%s.onion\n", s->service_id);
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    if (write_str_to_file(fname,buf,0)<0)
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      return -1;
  }
  return 0;
}
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/** Return the service whose public key has a digest of <b>digest</b> and
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 * which publishes the given descriptor <b>version</b>.  Return NULL if no
 * such service exists.
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 */
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static rend_service_t *
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rend_service_get_by_pk_digest_and_version(const char* digest,
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                                          uint8_t version)
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{
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  SMARTLIST_FOREACH(rend_service_list, rend_service_t*, s,
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                    if (!memcmp(s->pk_digest,digest,DIGEST_LEN) &&
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                        s->descriptor_version == version) return s);
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  return NULL;
}

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/** Return 1 if any virtual port in <b>service</b> wants a circuit
 * to have good uptime. Else return 0.
 */
static int
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rend_service_requires_uptime(rend_service_t *service)
{
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  int i;
  rend_service_port_config_t *p;

  for (i=0; i < smartlist_len(service->ports); ++i) {
    p = smartlist_get(service->ports, i);
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    if (smartlist_string_num_isin(get_options()->LongLivedPorts,
                                  p->virtual_port))
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      return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

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/******
 * Handle cells
 ******/

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/** Respond to an INTRODUCE2 cell by launching a circuit to the chosen
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 * rendezvous point.
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 */
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int
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rend_service_introduce(origin_circuit_t *circuit, const char *request,
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                       size_t request_len)
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{
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  char *ptr, *r_cookie;
  extend_info_t *extend_info = NULL;
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  char buf[RELAY_PAYLOAD_SIZE];
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  char keys[DIGEST_LEN+CPATH_KEY_MATERIAL_LEN]; /* Holds KH, Df, Db, Kf, Kb */
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  rend_service_t *service;
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  int r, i;
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  size_t len, keylen;
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  crypto_dh_env_t *dh = NULL;
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  origin_circuit_t *launched = NULL;
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  crypt_path_t *cpath = NULL;
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  char serviceid[REND_SERVICE_ID_LEN_BASE32+1];
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  char hexcookie[9];
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  int circ_needs_uptime;
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  int reason = END_CIRC_REASON_TORPROTOCOL;
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  crypto_pk_env_t *intro_key;
  char intro_key_digest[DIGEST_LEN];
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  base32_encode(serviceid, REND_SERVICE_ID_LEN_BASE32+1,
                circuit->rend_pk_digest, REND_SERVICE_ID_LEN);
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  log_info(LD_REND, "Received INTRODUCE2 cell for service %s on circ %d.",
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           escaped(serviceid), circuit->_base.n_circ_id);
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  if (circuit->_base.purpose != CIRCUIT_PURPOSE_S_INTRO) {
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    log_warn(LD_PROTOCOL,
             "Got an INTRODUCE2 over a non-introduction circuit %d.",
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             circuit->_base.n_circ_id);
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    return -1;
  }

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  /* min key length plus digest length plus nickname length */
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  if (request_len < DIGEST_LEN+REND_COOKIE_LEN+(MAX_NICKNAME_LEN+1)+
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      DH_KEY_LEN+42) {
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    log_warn(LD_PROTOCOL, "Got a truncated INTRODUCE2 cell on circ %d.",
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             circuit->_base.n_circ_id);
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    return -1;
  }

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  /* look up service depending on circuit. */
  service = rend_service_get_by_pk_digest_and_version(
              circuit->rend_pk_digest, circuit->rend_desc_version);
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  if (!service) {
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    log_warn(LD_REND, "Got an INTRODUCE2 cell for an unrecognized service %s.",
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             escaped(serviceid));
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    return -1;
  }
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  /* if descriptor version is 2, use intro key instead of service key. */
  if (circuit->rend_desc_version == 0) {
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    intro_key = service->private_key;
  } else {
    intro_key = circuit->intro_key;
  }

  /* first DIGEST_LEN bytes of request is intro or service pk digest */
  crypto_pk_get_digest(intro_key, intro_key_digest);
  if (memcmp(intro_key_digest, request, DIGEST_LEN)) {
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    base32_encode(serviceid, REND_SERVICE_ID_LEN_BASE32+1,
                  request, REND_SERVICE_ID_LEN);
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    log_warn(LD_REND, "Got an INTRODUCE2 cell for the wrong service (%s).",
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             escaped(serviceid));
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    return -1;
  }

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  keylen = crypto_pk_keysize(intro_key);
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  if (request_len < keylen+DIGEST_LEN) {
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    log_warn(LD_PROTOCOL,
             "PK-encrypted portion of INTRODUCE2 cell was truncated.");
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    return -1;
  }
  /* Next N bytes is encrypted with service key */
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  note_crypto_pk_op(REND_SERVER);
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  r = crypto_pk_private_hybrid_decrypt(
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       intro_key,buf,request+DIGEST_LEN,request_len-DIGEST_LEN,
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       PK_PKCS1_OAEP_PADDING,1);
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  if (r<0) {
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    log_warn(LD_PROTOCOL, "Couldn't decrypt INTRODUCE2 cell.");
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    return -1;
  }
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  len = r;
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  if (*buf == 2) {
    /* Version 2 INTRODUCE2 cell. */
    int klen;
    extend_info = tor_malloc_zero(sizeof(extend_info_t));
    extend_info->addr = ntohl(get_uint32(buf+1));
    extend_info->port = ntohs(get_uint16(buf+5));
    memcpy(extend_info->identity_digest, buf+7, DIGEST_LEN);
    extend_info->nickname[0] = '$';
    base16_encode(extend_info->nickname+1, sizeof(extend_info->nickname)-1,
                  extend_info->identity_digest, DIGEST_LEN);

    klen = ntohs(get_uint16(buf+7+DIGEST_LEN));
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    if ((int)len != 7+DIGEST_LEN+2+klen+20+128) {
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      log_warn(LD_PROTOCOL, "Bad length %u for version 2 INTRODUCE2 cell.",
               (int)len);
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      reason = END_CIRC_REASON_TORPROTOCOL;
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      goto err;
    }
    extend_info->onion_key = crypto_pk_asn1_decode(buf+7+DIGEST_LEN+2, klen);
    if (!extend_info->onion_key) {
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      log_warn(LD_PROTOCOL,
               "Error decoding onion key in version 2 INTRODUCE2 cell.");
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      reason = END_CIRC_REASON_TORPROTOCOL;
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      goto err;
    }
    ptr = buf+7+DIGEST_LEN+2+klen;
    len -= 7+DIGEST_LEN+2+klen;
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  } else {
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    char *rp_nickname;
    size_t nickname_field_len;
    routerinfo_t *router;
    int version;
    if (*buf == 1) {
      rp_nickname = buf+1;
      nickname_field_len = MAX_HEX_NICKNAME_LEN+1;
      version = 1;
    } else {
      nickname_field_len = MAX_NICKNAME_LEN+1;
      rp_nickname = buf;
      version = 0;
    }
    ptr=memchr(rp_nickname,0,nickname_field_len);
    if (!ptr || ptr == rp_nickname) {
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      log_warn(LD_PROTOCOL,
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               "Couldn't find a nul-padded nickname in INTRODUCE2 cell.");
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      return -1;
    }
    if ((version == 0 && !is_legal_nickname(rp_nickname)) ||
        (version == 1 && !is_legal_nickname_or_hexdigest(rp_nickname))) {
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      log_warn(LD_PROTOCOL, "Bad nickname in INTRODUCE2 cell.");
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      return -1;
    }
    /* Okay, now we know that a nickname is at the start of the buffer. */
    ptr = rp_nickname+nickname_field_len;
    len -= nickname_field_len;
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    len -= rp_nickname - buf; /* also remove header space used by version, if
                               * any */
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    router = router_get_by_nickname(rp_nickname, 0);
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    if (!router) {
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      log_info(LD_REND, "Couldn't find router %s named in introduce2 cell.",
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               escaped_safe_str(rp_nickname));
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      /* XXXX Add a no-such-router reason? */
      reason = END_CIRC_REASON_TORPROTOCOL;
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      goto err;
    }

    extend_info = extend_info_from_router(router);
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  }
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  if (len != REND_COOKIE_LEN+DH_KEY_LEN) {
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    log_warn(LD_PROTOCOL, "Bad length %u for INTRODUCE2 cell.", (int)len);
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    reason = END_CIRC_REASON_TORPROTOCOL;
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    return -1;
  }
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  r_cookie = ptr;
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  base16_encode(hexcookie,9,r_cookie,4);
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  /* Try DH handshake... */
  dh = crypto_dh_new();
  if (!dh || crypto_dh_generate_public(dh)<0) {
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    log_warn(LD_BUG,"Internal error: couldn't build DH state "
             "or generate public key.");
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    reason = END_CIRC_REASON_INTERNAL;
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    goto err;
  }
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  if (crypto_dh_compute_secret(dh, ptr+REND_COOKIE_LEN, DH_KEY_LEN, keys,
                               DIGEST_LEN+CPATH_KEY_MATERIAL_LEN)<0) {
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    log_warn(LD_BUG, "Internal error: couldn't complete DH handshake");
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    reason = END_CIRC_REASON_INTERNAL;
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    goto err;
  }

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  circ_needs_uptime = rend_service_requires_uptime(service);

  /* help predict this next time */
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  rep_hist_note_used_internal(time(NULL), circ_needs_uptime, 1);
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  /* Launch a circuit to alice's chosen rendezvous point.
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   */
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  for (i=0;i<MAX_REND_FAILURES;i++) {
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    int flags = CIRCLAUNCH_NEED_CAPACITY | CIRCLAUNCH_IS_INTERNAL;
    if (circ_needs_uptime) flags |= CIRCLAUNCH_NEED_UPTIME;
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    launched = circuit_launch_by_extend_info(
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                        CIRCUIT_PURPOSE_S_CONNECT_REND, extend_info, flags);
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    if (launched)
      break;
  }
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  if (!launched) { /* give up */
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    log_warn(LD_REND, "Giving up launching first hop of circuit to rendezvous "
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             "point %s for service %s.",
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             escaped_safe_str(extend_info->nickname), serviceid);
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    reason = END_CIRC_REASON_CONNECTFAILED;
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    goto err;
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  }
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  log_info(LD_REND,
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           "Accepted intro; launching circuit to %s "
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           "(cookie %s) for service %s.",
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           escaped_safe_str(extend_info->nickname), hexcookie, serviceid);
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  tor_assert(launched->build_state);
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  /* Fill in the circuit's state. */
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  memcpy(launched->rend_pk_digest, circuit->rend_pk_digest,
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         DIGEST_LEN);
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  memcpy(launched->rend_cookie, r_cookie, REND_COOKIE_LEN);
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  strlcpy(launched->rend_query, service->service_id,
          sizeof(launched->rend_query));
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  launched->rend_desc_version = service->descriptor_version;
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  launched->build_state->pending_final_cpath = cpath =
    tor_malloc_zero(sizeof(crypt_path_t));
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  cpath->magic = CRYPT_PATH_MAGIC;
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  launched->build_state->expiry_time = time(NULL) + MAX_REND_TIMEOUT;
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  cpath->dh_handshake_state = dh;
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  dh = NULL;
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  if (circuit_init_cpath_crypto(cpath,keys+DIGEST_LEN,1)<0)
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    goto err;
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  memcpy(cpath->handshake_digest, keys, DIGEST_LEN);
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  if (extend_info) extend_info_free(extend_info);
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  return 0;
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 err:
  if (dh) crypto_dh_free(dh);
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  if (launched)
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    circuit_mark_for_close(TO_CIRCUIT(launched), reason);
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  if (extend_info) extend_info_free(extend_info);
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  return -1;
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}

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/** Called when we fail building a rendezvous circuit at some point other
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 * than the last hop: launches a new circuit to the same rendezvous point.
 */
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void
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rend_service_relaunch_rendezvous(origin_circuit_t *oldcirc)
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{
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  origin_circuit_t *newcirc;
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  cpath_build_state_t *newstate, *oldstate;

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  tor_assert(oldcirc->_base.purpose == CIRCUIT_PURPOSE_S_CONNECT_REND);
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  if (!oldcirc->build_state ||
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      oldcirc->build_state->failure_count > MAX_REND_FAILURES ||
      oldcirc->build_state->expiry_time < time(NULL)) {
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    log_info(LD_REND,
             "Attempt to build circuit to %s for rendezvous has failed "
             "too many times or expired; giving up.",
             oldcirc->build_state ?
               oldcirc->build_state->chosen_exit->nickname : "*unknown*");
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    return;
  }

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  oldstate = oldcirc->build_state;
  tor_assert(oldstate);

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  if (oldstate->pending_final_cpath == NULL) {
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    log_info(LD_REND,"Skipping relaunch of circ that failed on its first hop. "
             "Initiator will retry.");
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    return;
  }

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  log_info(LD_REND,"Reattempting rendezvous circuit to '%s'",
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           oldstate->chosen_exit->nickname);
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  newcirc = circuit_launch_by_extend_info(CIRCUIT_PURPOSE_S_CONNECT_REND,
                            oldstate->chosen_exit,
                            CIRCLAUNCH_NEED_CAPACITY|CIRCLAUNCH_IS_INTERNAL);

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  if (!newcirc) {
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    log_warn(LD_REND,"Couldn't relaunch rendezvous circuit to '%s'.",
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             oldstate->chosen_exit->nickname);
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    return;
  }
  newstate = newcirc->build_state;
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  tor_assert(newstate);
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  newstate->failure_count = oldstate->failure_count+1;
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  newstate->expiry_time = oldstate->expiry_time;
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  newstate->pending_final_cpath = oldstate->pending_final_cpath;
  oldstate->pending_final_cpath = NULL;

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  memcpy(newcirc->rend_query, oldcirc->rend_query,
         REND_SERVICE_ID_LEN_BASE32+1);
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  memcpy(newcirc->rend_pk_digest, oldcirc->rend_pk_digest,
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         DIGEST_LEN);
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  memcpy(newcirc->rend_cookie, oldcirc->rend_cookie,
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         REND_COOKIE_LEN);
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  newcirc->rend_desc_version = oldcirc->rend_desc_version;
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}

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/** Launch a circuit to serve as an introduction point for the service
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 * <b>service</b> at the introduction point <b>nickname</b>
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 */
static int
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rend_service_launch_establish_intro(rend_service_t *service,
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                                    rend_intro_point_t *intro)
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{
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  origin_circuit_t *launched;
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  log_info(LD_REND,
           "Launching circuit to introduction point %s for service %s",
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           escaped_safe_str(intro->extend_info->nickname),
           service->service_id);
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  rep_hist_note_used_internal(time(NULL), 1, 0);
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  ++service->n_intro_circuits_launched;
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  launched = circuit_launch_by_extend_info(CIRCUIT_PURPOSE_S_ESTABLISH_INTRO,
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                             intro->extend_info,
                             CIRCLAUNCH_NEED_UPTIME|CIRCLAUNCH_IS_INTERNAL);

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  if (!launched) {
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    log_info(LD_REND,
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             "Can't launch circuit to establish introduction at %s.",
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             escaped_safe_str(intro->extend_info->nickname));
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    return -1;
  }
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  strlcpy(launched->rend_query, service->service_id,
          sizeof(launched->rend_query));
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  memcpy(launched->rend_pk_digest, service->pk_digest, DIGEST_LEN);
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  launched->rend_desc_version = service->descriptor_version;
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  if (service->descriptor_version == 2)
    launched->intro_key = crypto_pk_dup_key(intro->intro_key);
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  if (launched->_base.state == CIRCUIT_STATE_OPEN)
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    rend_service_intro_has_opened(launched);
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  return 0;
}

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/** Called when we're done building a circuit to an introduction point:
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 *  sends a RELAY_ESTABLISH_INTRO cell.
 */
void
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rend_service_intro_has_opened(origin_circuit_t *circuit)
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{
  rend_service_t *service;
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  size_t len;
  int r;
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  char buf[RELAY_PAYLOAD_SIZE];
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  char auth[DIGEST_LEN + 9];
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  char serviceid[REND_SERVICE_ID_LEN_BASE32+1];
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  int reason = END_CIRC_REASON_TORPROTOCOL;
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  crypto_pk_env_t *intro_key;
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  tor_assert(circuit->_base.purpose == CIRCUIT_PURPOSE_S_ESTABLISH_INTRO);
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  tor_assert(circuit->cpath);
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  base32_encode(serviceid, REND_SERVICE_ID_LEN_BASE32+1,
                circuit->rend_pk_digest, REND_SERVICE_ID_LEN);
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  service = rend_service_get_by_pk_digest_and_version(
              circuit->rend_pk_digest, circuit->rend_desc_version);
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  if (!service) {
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    log_warn(LD_REND, "Unrecognized service ID %s on introduction circuit %d.",
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             serviceid, circuit->_base.n_circ_id);
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    reason = END_CIRC_REASON_NOSUCHSERVICE;
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    goto err;
  }

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  log_info(LD_REND,
           "Established circuit %d as introduction point for service %s",
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           circuit->_base.n_circ_id, serviceid);
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  /* If the introduction point will not be used in an unversioned
   * descriptor, use the intro key instead of the service key in
   * ESTABLISH_INTRO. */
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  if (service->descriptor_version == 0)
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    intro_key = service->private_key;
  else
    intro_key = circuit->intro_key;
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  /* Build the payload for a RELAY_ESTABLISH_INTRO cell. */
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  len = crypto_pk_asn1_encode(intro_key, buf+2,
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                              RELAY_PAYLOAD_SIZE-2);
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  set_uint16(buf, htons((uint16_t)len));
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  len += 2;
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  memcpy(auth, circuit->cpath->prev->handshake_digest, DIGEST_LEN);
  memcpy(auth+DIGEST_LEN, "INTRODUCE", 9);
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  if (crypto_digest(buf+len, auth, DIGEST_LEN+9))
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    goto err;
  len += 20;
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  note_crypto_pk_op(REND_SERVER);
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  r = crypto_pk_private_sign_digest(intro_key, buf+len, buf, len);
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  if (r<0) {
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    log_warn(LD_BUG, "Internal error: couldn't sign introduction request.");
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