Undefined behavior in tor_vasprintf()
Overflowing a signed integer in C is an undefined behaviour. It is possible to trigger this undefined behaviour in tor_asprintf on Windows or systems lacking vasprintf. On these systems, eiter _vscprintf or vsnprintf is called to retrieve the required amount of bytes to hold the string. These functions can return INT_MAX. The easiest way to recreate this is the use of a specially crafted configuration file, e.g. containing the line: FirewallPorts AAAAA<in total 2147483610 As> This line triggers the needed tor_asprintf call which eventually leads to an INT_MAX return value from _vscprintf or vsnprintf. The needed byte for \0 is added to the result, triggering the overflow and therefore the undefined behaviour. Casting the value to size_t before addition fixes the behaviour.
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