config.c 177 KB
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/* Copyright (c) 2001 Matej Pfajfar.
 * Copyright (c) 2001-2004, Roger Dingledine.
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 * Copyright (c) 2004-2006, Roger Dingledine, Nick Mathewson.
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 * Copyright (c) 2007-2008, The Tor Project, Inc. */
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/* See LICENSE for licensing information */
/* $Id$ */
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const char config_c_id[] = \
  "$Id$";
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/**
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 * \file config.c
 * \brief Code to parse and interpret configuration files.
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 **/

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#define CONFIG_PRIVATE

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#include "or.h"
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#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
#include <shlobj.h>
#endif
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/** Enumeration of types which option values can take */
typedef enum config_type_t {
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  CONFIG_TYPE_STRING = 0,   /**< An arbitrary string. */
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  CONFIG_TYPE_FILENAME,     /**< A filename: some prefixes get expanded. */
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  CONFIG_TYPE_UINT,         /**< A non-negative integer less than MAX_INT */
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  CONFIG_TYPE_INTERVAL,     /**< A number of seconds, with optional units*/
  CONFIG_TYPE_MEMUNIT,      /**< A number of bytes, with optional units*/
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  CONFIG_TYPE_DOUBLE,       /**< A floating-point value */
  CONFIG_TYPE_BOOL,         /**< A boolean value, expressed as 0 or 1. */
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  CONFIG_TYPE_ISOTIME,      /**< An ISO-formated time relative to GMT. */
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  CONFIG_TYPE_CSV,          /**< A list of strings, separated by commas and
                              * optional whitespace. */
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  CONFIG_TYPE_LINELIST,     /**< Uninterpreted config lines */
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  CONFIG_TYPE_LINELIST_S,   /**< Uninterpreted, context-sensitive config lines,
                             * mixed with other keywords. */
  CONFIG_TYPE_LINELIST_V,   /**< Catch-all "virtual" option to summarize
                             * context-sensitive config lines when fetching.
                             */
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  CONFIG_TYPE_ROUTERSET,    /**< A list of router names, addrs, and fps,
                             * parsed into a routerset_t. */
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  CONFIG_TYPE_OBSOLETE,     /**< Obsolete (ignored) option. */
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} config_type_t;
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/** An abbreviation for a configuration option allowed on the command line. */
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typedef struct config_abbrev_t {
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  const char *abbreviated;
  const char *full;
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  int commandline_only;
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  int warn;
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} config_abbrev_t;

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/* Handy macro for declaring "In the config file or on the command line,
 * you can abbreviate <b>tok</b>s as <b>tok</b>". */
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#define PLURAL(tok) { #tok, #tok "s", 0, 0 }
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/* A list of command-line abbreviations. */
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static config_abbrev_t _option_abbrevs[] = {
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  PLURAL(ExitNode),
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  PLURAL(EntryNode),
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  PLURAL(ExcludeNode),
  PLURAL(FirewallPort),
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  PLURAL(LongLivedPort),
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  PLURAL(HiddenServiceNode),
  PLURAL(HiddenServiceExcludeNode),
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  PLURAL(NumCpu),
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  PLURAL(RendNode),
  PLURAL(RendExcludeNode),
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  PLURAL(StrictEntryNode),
  PLURAL(StrictExitNode),
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  { "l", "Log", 1, 0},
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  { "AllowUnverifiedNodes", "AllowInvalidNodes", 0, 0},
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  { "AutomapHostSuffixes", "AutomapHostsSuffixes", 0, 0},
  { "AutomapHostOnResolve", "AutomapHostsOnResolve", 0, 0},
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  { "BandwidthRateBytes", "BandwidthRate", 0, 0},
  { "BandwidthBurstBytes", "BandwidthBurst", 0, 0},
  { "DirFetchPostPeriod", "StatusFetchPeriod", 0, 0},
  { "MaxConn", "ConnLimit", 0, 1},
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  { "ORBindAddress", "ORListenAddress", 0, 0},
  { "DirBindAddress", "DirListenAddress", 0, 0},
  { "SocksBindAddress", "SocksListenAddress", 0, 0},
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  { "UseHelperNodes", "UseEntryGuards", 0, 0},
  { "NumHelperNodes", "NumEntryGuards", 0, 0},
  { "UseEntryNodes", "UseEntryGuards", 0, 0},
  { "NumEntryNodes", "NumEntryGuards", 0, 0},
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  { "ResolvConf", "ServerDNSResolvConfFile", 0, 1},
  { "SearchDomains", "ServerDNSSearchDomains", 0, 1},
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  { "PreferTunnelledDirConns", "PreferTunneledDirConns", 0, 0},
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  { "BridgeAuthoritativeDirectory", "BridgeAuthoritativeDir", 0, 0},
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  { "HashedControlPassword", "__HashedControlSessionPassword", 1, 0},
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  { NULL, NULL, 0, 0},
};
/* A list of state-file abbreviations, for compatibility. */
static config_abbrev_t _state_abbrevs[] = {
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  { "AccountingBytesReadInterval", "AccountingBytesReadInInterval", 0, 0 },
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  { "HelperNode", "EntryGuard", 0, 0 },
  { "HelperNodeDownSince", "EntryGuardDownSince", 0, 0 },
  { "HelperNodeUnlistedSince", "EntryGuardUnlistedSince", 0, 0 },
  { "EntryNode", "EntryGuard", 0, 0 },
  { "EntryNodeDownSince", "EntryGuardDownSince", 0, 0 },
  { "EntryNodeUnlistedSince", "EntryGuardUnlistedSince", 0, 0 },
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  { NULL, NULL, 0, 0},
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};
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#undef PLURAL
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/** A variable allowed in the configuration file or on the command line. */
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typedef struct config_var_t {
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  const char *name; /**< The full keyword (case insensitive). */
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  config_type_t type; /**< How to interpret the type and turn it into a
                       * value. */
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  off_t var_offset; /**< Offset of the corresponding member of or_options_t. */
  const char *initvalue; /**< String (or null) describing initial value. */
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} config_var_t;

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/** An entry for config_vars: "The option <b>name</b> has type
 * CONFIG_TYPE_<b>conftype</b>, and corresponds to
 * or_options_t.<b>member</b>"
 */
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#define VAR(name,conftype,member,initvalue)                             \
  { name, CONFIG_TYPE_ ## conftype, STRUCT_OFFSET(or_options_t, member), \
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      initvalue }
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/** As VAR, but the option name and member name are the same. */
#define V(member,conftype,initvalue)                                    \
  VAR(#member, conftype, member, initvalue)
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/** An entry for config_vars: "The option <b>name</b> is obsolete." */
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#define OBSOLETE(name) { name, CONFIG_TYPE_OBSOLETE, 0, NULL }
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/** Array of configuration options.  Until we disallow nonstandard
 * abbreviations, order is significant, since the first matching option will
 * be chosen first.
 */
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static config_var_t _option_vars[] = {
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  OBSOLETE("AccountingMaxKB"),
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  V(AccountingMax,               MEMUNIT,  "0 bytes"),
  V(AccountingStart,             STRING,   NULL),
  V(Address,                     STRING,   NULL),
  V(AllowInvalidNodes,           CSV,      "middle,rendezvous"),
  V(AllowNonRFC953Hostnames,     BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(AlternateBridgeAuthority,    LINELIST, NULL),
  V(AlternateDirAuthority,       LINELIST, NULL),
  V(AlternateHSAuthority,        LINELIST, NULL),
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  V(AssumeReachable,             BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(AuthDirBadDir,               LINELIST, NULL),
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  V(AuthDirBadExit,              LINELIST, NULL),
  V(AuthDirInvalid,              LINELIST, NULL),
  V(AuthDirReject,               LINELIST, NULL),
  V(AuthDirRejectUnlisted,       BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(AuthDirListBadDirs,          BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(AuthDirListBadExits,         BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(AuthDirMaxServersPerAddr,    UINT,     "2"),
  V(AuthDirMaxServersPerAuthAddr,UINT,     "5"),
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  VAR("AuthoritativeDirectory",  BOOL, AuthoritativeDir,    "0"),
  V(AutomapHostsOnResolve,       BOOL,     "0"),
  V(AutomapHostsSuffixes,        CSV,      ".onion,.exit"),
  V(AvoidDiskWrites,             BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(BandwidthBurst,              MEMUNIT,  "10 MB"),
  V(BandwidthRate,               MEMUNIT,  "5 MB"),
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  V(BridgeAuthoritativeDir,      BOOL,     "0"),
  VAR("Bridge",                  LINELIST, Bridges,    NULL),
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  V(BridgePassword,              STRING,   NULL),
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  V(BridgeRecordUsageByCountry,  BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(BridgeRelay,                 BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(CircuitBuildTimeout,         INTERVAL, "1 minute"),
  V(CircuitIdleTimeout,          INTERVAL, "1 hour"),
  V(ClientDNSRejectInternalAddresses, BOOL,"1"),
  V(ClientOnly,                  BOOL,     "0"),
  V(ConnLimit,                   UINT,     "1000"),
  V(ConstrainedSockets,          BOOL,     "0"),
  V(ConstrainedSockSize,         MEMUNIT,  "8192"),
  V(ContactInfo,                 STRING,   NULL),
  V(ControlListenAddress,        LINELIST, NULL),
  V(ControlPort,                 UINT,     "0"),
  V(ControlSocket,               LINELIST, NULL),
  V(CookieAuthentication,        BOOL,     "0"),
  V(CookieAuthFileGroupReadable, BOOL,     "0"),
  V(CookieAuthFile,              STRING,   NULL),
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  V(DataDirectory,               FILENAME, NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("DebugLogFile"),
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  V(DirAllowPrivateAddresses,    BOOL,     NULL),
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  V(TestingAuthDirTimeToLearnReachability, INTERVAL, "30 minutes"),
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  V(DirListenAddress,            LINELIST, NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("DirFetchPeriod"),
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  V(DirPolicy,                   LINELIST, NULL),
  V(DirPort,                     UINT,     "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("DirPostPeriod"),
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#ifdef ENABLE_GEOIP_STATS
  V(DirRecordUsageByCountry,     BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(DirRecordUsageGranularity,   UINT,     "4"),
  V(DirRecordUsageRetainIPs,     INTERVAL, "14 days"),
  V(DirRecordUsageSaveInterval,  INTERVAL, "6 hours"),
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#endif
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  VAR("DirServer",               LINELIST, DirServers, NULL),
  V(DNSPort,                     UINT,     "0"),
  V(DNSListenAddress,            LINELIST, NULL),
  V(DownloadExtraInfo,           BOOL,     "0"),
  V(EnforceDistinctSubnets,      BOOL,     "1"),
  V(EntryNodes,                  STRING,   NULL),
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  V(TestingEstimatedDescriptorPropagationTime, INTERVAL, "10 minutes"),
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  V(ExcludeNodes,                ROUTERSET, NULL),
  V(ExcludeExitNodes,            ROUTERSET, NULL),
  V(ExitNodes,                   STRING, NULL),
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  V(ExitPolicy,                  LINELIST, NULL),
  V(ExitPolicyRejectPrivate,     BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(FallbackNetworkstatusFile,   FILENAME,
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    SHARE_DATADIR PATH_SEPARATOR "tor" PATH_SEPARATOR "fallback-consensus"),
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  V(FascistFirewall,             BOOL,     "0"),
  V(FirewallPorts,               CSV,      ""),
  V(FastFirstHopPK,              BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(FetchDirInfoEarly,           BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(FetchServerDescriptors,      BOOL,     "1"),
  V(FetchHidServDescriptors,     BOOL,     "1"),
  V(FetchUselessDescriptors,     BOOL,     "0"),
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#ifdef WIN32
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  V(GeoIPFile,                   FILENAME, "<default>"),
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#else
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  V(GeoIPFile,                   FILENAME,
    SHARE_DATADIR PATH_SEPARATOR "tor" PATH_SEPARATOR "geoip"),
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#endif
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  V(Group,                       STRING,   NULL),
  V(HardwareAccel,               BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(HashedControlPassword,       LINELIST, NULL),
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  V(HidServDirectoryV2,          BOOL,     "0"),
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  VAR("HiddenServiceDir",    LINELIST_S, RendConfigLines,    NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("HiddenServiceExcludeNodes"),
  OBSOLETE("HiddenServiceNodes"),
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  VAR("HiddenServiceOptions",LINELIST_V, RendConfigLines,    NULL),
  VAR("HiddenServicePort",   LINELIST_S, RendConfigLines,    NULL),
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  VAR("HiddenServiceVersion",LINELIST_S, RendConfigLines,    NULL),
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  V(HSAuthoritativeDir,          BOOL,     "0"),
  V(HSAuthorityRecordStats,      BOOL,     "0"),
  V(HttpProxy,                   STRING,   NULL),
  V(HttpProxyAuthenticator,      STRING,   NULL),
  V(HttpsProxy,                  STRING,   NULL),
  V(HttpsProxyAuthenticator,     STRING,   NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("IgnoreVersion"),
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  V(KeepalivePeriod,             INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
  VAR("Log",                     LINELIST, Logs,             NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("LinkPadding"),
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  OBSOLETE("LogLevel"),
  OBSOLETE("LogFile"),
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  V(LongLivedPorts,              CSV,
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                         "21,22,706,1863,5050,5190,5222,5223,6667,6697,8300"),
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  VAR("MapAddress",              LINELIST, AddressMap,           NULL),
  V(MaxAdvertisedBandwidth,      MEMUNIT,  "1 GB"),
  V(MaxCircuitDirtiness,         INTERVAL, "10 minutes"),
  V(MaxOnionsPending,            UINT,     "100"),
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  OBSOLETE("MonthlyAccountingStart"),
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  V(MyFamily,                    STRING,   NULL),
  V(NewCircuitPeriod,            INTERVAL, "30 seconds"),
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  VAR("NamingAuthoritativeDirectory",BOOL, NamingAuthoritativeDir, "0"),
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  V(NatdListenAddress,           LINELIST, NULL),
  V(NatdPort,                    UINT,     "0"),
  V(Nickname,                    STRING,   NULL),
  V(NoPublish,                   BOOL,     "0"),
  VAR("NodeFamily",              LINELIST, NodeFamilies,         NULL),
  V(NumCpus,                     UINT,     "1"),
  V(NumEntryGuards,              UINT,     "3"),
  V(ORListenAddress,             LINELIST, NULL),
  V(ORPort,                      UINT,     "0"),
  V(OutboundBindAddress,         STRING,   NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("PathlenCoinWeight"),
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  V(PidFile,                     STRING,   NULL),
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  V(TestingTorNetwork,           BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(PreferTunneledDirConns,      BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(ProtocolWarnings,            BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(PublishServerDescriptor,     CSV,      "1"),
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  V(PublishHidServDescriptors,   BOOL,     "1"),
  V(ReachableAddresses,          LINELIST, NULL),
  V(ReachableDirAddresses,       LINELIST, NULL),
  V(ReachableORAddresses,        LINELIST, NULL),
  V(RecommendedVersions,         LINELIST, NULL),
  V(RecommendedClientVersions,   LINELIST, NULL),
  V(RecommendedServerVersions,   LINELIST, NULL),
  V(RedirectExit,                LINELIST, NULL),
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  V(RejectPlaintextPorts,        CSV,      ""),
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  V(RelayBandwidthBurst,         MEMUNIT,  "0"),
  V(RelayBandwidthRate,          MEMUNIT,  "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("RendExcludeNodes"),
  OBSOLETE("RendNodes"),
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  V(RendPostPeriod,              INTERVAL, "1 hour"),
  V(RephistTrackTime,            INTERVAL, "24 hours"),
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  OBSOLETE("RouterFile"),
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  V(RunAsDaemon,                 BOOL,     "0"),
  V(RunTesting,                  BOOL,     "0"),
  V(SafeLogging,                 BOOL,     "1"),
  V(SafeSocks,                   BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(ServerDNSAllowBrokenResolvConf, BOOL,  "0"),
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  V(ServerDNSAllowNonRFC953Hostnames, BOOL,"0"),
  V(ServerDNSDetectHijacking,    BOOL,     "1"),
  V(ServerDNSResolvConfFile,     STRING,   NULL),
  V(ServerDNSSearchDomains,      BOOL,     "0"),
  V(ServerDNSTestAddresses,      CSV,
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      "www.google.com,www.mit.edu,www.yahoo.com,www.slashdot.org"),
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  V(ShutdownWaitLength,          INTERVAL, "30 seconds"),
  V(SocksListenAddress,          LINELIST, NULL),
  V(SocksPolicy,                 LINELIST, NULL),
  V(SocksPort,                   UINT,     "9050"),
  V(SocksTimeout,                INTERVAL, "2 minutes"),
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  OBSOLETE("StatusFetchPeriod"),
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  V(StrictEntryNodes,            BOOL,     "0"),
  V(StrictExitNodes,             BOOL,     "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("SysLog"),
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  V(TestSocks,                   BOOL,     "0"),
  V(TestVia,                     STRING,   NULL),
  V(TrackHostExits,              CSV,      NULL),
  V(TrackHostExitsExpire,        INTERVAL, "30 minutes"),
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  OBSOLETE("TrafficShaping"),
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  V(TransListenAddress,          LINELIST, NULL),
  V(TransPort,                   UINT,     "0"),
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  V(TunnelDirConns,              BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(UpdateBridgesFromAuthority,  BOOL,     "0"),
  V(UseBridges,                  BOOL,     "0"),
  V(UseEntryGuards,              BOOL,     "1"),
  V(User,                        STRING,   NULL),
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  VAR("V1AuthoritativeDirectory",BOOL, V1AuthoritativeDir,   "0"),
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  VAR("V2AuthoritativeDirectory",BOOL, V2AuthoritativeDir,   "0"),
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  VAR("V3AuthoritativeDirectory",BOOL, V3AuthoritativeDir,   "0"),
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  V(TestingV3AuthInitialVotingInterval, INTERVAL, "30 minutes"),
  V(TestingV3AuthInitialVoteDelay, INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
  V(TestingV3AuthInitialDistDelay, INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
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  V(V3AuthVotingInterval,        INTERVAL, "1 hour"),
  V(V3AuthVoteDelay,             INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
  V(V3AuthDistDelay,             INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
  V(V3AuthNIntervalsValid,       UINT,     "3"),
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  V(V3AuthUseLegacyKey,          BOOL,     "0"),
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  VAR("VersioningAuthoritativeDirectory",BOOL,VersioningAuthoritativeDir, "0"),
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  V(VirtualAddrNetwork,          STRING,   "127.192.0.0/10"),
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  V(WarnPlaintextPorts,          CSV,      "23,109,110,143"),
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  VAR("__AllDirActionsPrivate",  BOOL,  AllDirActionsPrivate,     "0"),
  VAR("__DisablePredictedCircuits",BOOL,DisablePredictedCircuits, "0"),
  VAR("__LeaveStreamsUnattached",BOOL,  LeaveStreamsUnattached,   "0"),
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  VAR("__HashedControlSessionPassword", LINELIST, HashedControlSessionPassword,
      NULL),
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  V(MinUptimeHidServDirectoryV2, INTERVAL, "24 hours"),
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  { NULL, CONFIG_TYPE_OBSOLETE, 0, NULL }
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};
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/* Keep defaults synchronous with man page and config value check. */
static config_var_t testing_tor_network_defaults[] = {
  V(ServerDNSAllowBrokenResolvConf, BOOL,  "1"),
  V(DirAllowPrivateAddresses,    BOOL,     "1"),
  V(EnforceDistinctSubnets,      BOOL,     "0"),
  V(AssumeReachable,             BOOL,     "1"),
  V(AuthDirMaxServersPerAddr,    UINT,     "0"),
  V(AuthDirMaxServersPerAuthAddr,UINT,     "0"),
  V(ClientDNSRejectInternalAddresses, BOOL,"0"),
  V(ExitPolicyRejectPrivate,     BOOL,     "0"),
  V(V3AuthVotingInterval,        INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
  V(V3AuthVoteDelay,             INTERVAL, "20 seconds"),
  V(V3AuthDistDelay,             INTERVAL, "20 seconds"),
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  V(TestingV3AuthInitialVotingInterval, INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
  V(TestingV3AuthInitialVoteDelay, INTERVAL, "20 seconds"),
  V(TestingV3AuthInitialDistDelay, INTERVAL, "20 seconds"),
  V(TestingAuthDirTimeToLearnReachability, INTERVAL, "0 minutes"),
  V(TestingEstimatedDescriptorPropagationTime, INTERVAL, "0 minutes"),
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  { NULL, CONFIG_TYPE_OBSOLETE, 0, NULL }
};
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#undef VAR

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#define VAR(name,conftype,member,initvalue)                             \
  { name, CONFIG_TYPE_ ## conftype, STRUCT_OFFSET(or_state_t, member),  \
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      initvalue }
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static config_var_t _state_vars[] = {
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  V(AccountingBytesReadInInterval,    MEMUNIT,  NULL),
  V(AccountingBytesWrittenInInterval, MEMUNIT,  NULL),
  V(AccountingExpectedUsage,          MEMUNIT,  NULL),
  V(AccountingIntervalStart,          ISOTIME,  NULL),
  V(AccountingSecondsActive,          INTERVAL, NULL),
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  VAR("EntryGuard",              LINELIST_S,  EntryGuards,             NULL),
  VAR("EntryGuardDownSince",     LINELIST_S,  EntryGuards,             NULL),
  VAR("EntryGuardUnlistedSince", LINELIST_S,  EntryGuards,             NULL),
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  VAR("EntryGuardAddedBy",       LINELIST_S,  EntryGuards,             NULL),
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  V(EntryGuards,                 LINELIST_V,  NULL),
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  V(BWHistoryReadEnds,                ISOTIME,  NULL),
  V(BWHistoryReadInterval,            UINT,     "900"),
  V(BWHistoryReadValues,              CSV,      ""),
  V(BWHistoryWriteEnds,               ISOTIME,  NULL),
  V(BWHistoryWriteInterval,           UINT,     "900"),
  V(BWHistoryWriteValues,             CSV,      ""),
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  V(TorVersion,                       STRING,   NULL),
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  V(LastRotatedOnionKey,              ISOTIME,  NULL),
  V(LastWritten,                      ISOTIME,  NULL),
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  { NULL, CONFIG_TYPE_OBSOLETE, 0, NULL }
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};

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#undef VAR
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#undef V
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#undef OBSOLETE

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/** Represents an English description of a configuration variable; used when
 * generating configuration file comments. */
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typedef struct config_var_description_t {
  const char *name;
  const char *description;
} config_var_description_t;

static config_var_description_t options_description[] = {
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  /* ==== general options */
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  { "AvoidDiskWrites", "If non-zero, try to write to disk less frequently than"
    " we would otherwise." },
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  { "BandwidthRate", "A token bucket limits the average incoming bandwidth on "
    "this node to the specified number of bytes per second." },
  { "BandwidthBurst", "Limit the maximum token buffer size (also known as "
    "burst) to the given number of bytes." },
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  { "ConnLimit", "Minimum number of simultaneous sockets we must have." },
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  { "ConstrainedSockets", "Shrink tx and rx buffers for sockets to avoid "
    "system limits on vservers and related environments.  See man page for "
    "more information regarding this option." },
  { "ConstrainedSockSize", "Limit socket buffers to this size when "
    "ConstrainedSockets is enabled." },
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  /*  ControlListenAddress */
  { "ControlPort", "If set, Tor will accept connections from the same machine "
    "(localhost only) on this port, and allow those connections to control "
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    "the Tor process using the Tor Control Protocol (described in "
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    "control-spec.txt).", },
  { "CookieAuthentication", "If this option is set to 1, don't allow any "
    "connections to the control port except when the connecting process "
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    "can read a file that Tor creates in its data directory." },
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  { "DataDirectory", "Store working data, state, keys, and caches here." },
  { "DirServer", "Tor only trusts directories signed with one of these "
    "servers' keys.  Used to override the standard list of directory "
    "authorities." },
  /* { "FastFirstHopPK", "" }, */
  /* FetchServerDescriptors, FetchHidServDescriptors,
   * FetchUselessDescriptors */
  { "Group", "On startup, setgid to this group." },
  { "HardwareAccel", "If set, Tor tries to use hardware crypto accelerators "
    "when it can." },
  /* HashedControlPassword */
  { "HTTPProxy", "Force Tor to make all HTTP directory requests through this "
    "host:port (or host:80 if port is not set)." },
  { "HTTPProxyAuthenticator", "A username:password pair to be used with "
    "HTTPProxy." },
  { "HTTPSProxy", "Force Tor to make all TLS (SSL) connectinos through this "
    "host:port (or host:80 if port is not set)." },
  { "HTTPSProxyAuthenticator", "A username:password pair to be used with "
    "HTTPSProxy." },
  { "KeepalivePeriod", "Send a padding cell every N seconds to keep firewalls "
    "from closing our connections while Tor is not in use." },
  { "Log", "Where to send logging messages.  Format is "
    "minSeverity[-maxSeverity] (stderr|stdout|syslog|file FILENAME)." },
  { "OutboundBindAddress", "Make all outbound connections originate from the "
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    "provided IP address (only useful for multiple network interfaces)." },
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  { "PIDFile", "On startup, write our PID to this file. On clean shutdown, "
    "remove the file." },
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  { "PreferTunneledDirConns", "If non-zero, avoid directory servers that "
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    "don't support tunneled connections." },
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  /* PreferTunneledDirConns */
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  /* ProtocolWarnings */
  /* RephistTrackTime */
  { "RunAsDaemon", "If set, Tor forks and daemonizes to the background when "
    "started.  Unix only." },
  { "SafeLogging", "If set to 0, Tor logs potentially sensitive strings "
    "rather than replacing them with the string [scrubbed]." },
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  { "TunnelDirConns", "If non-zero, when a directory server we contact "
    "supports it, we will build a one-hop circuit and make an encrypted "
    "connection via its ORPort." },
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  { "User", "On startup, setuid to this user." },
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  /* ==== client options */
  { "AllowInvalidNodes", "Where on our circuits should Tor allow servers "
    "that the directory authorities haven't called \"valid\"?" },
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  { "AllowNonRFC953Hostnames", "If set to 1, we don't automatically reject "
    "hostnames for having invalid characters." },
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  /*  CircuitBuildTimeout, CircuitIdleTimeout */
  { "ClientOnly", "If set to 1, Tor will under no circumstances run as a "
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    "server, even if ORPort is enabled." },
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  { "EntryNodes", "A list of preferred entry nodes to use for the first hop "
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    "in circuits, when possible." },
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  /* { "EnforceDistinctSubnets" , "" }, */
  { "ExitNodes", "A list of preferred nodes to use for the last hop in "
    "circuits, when possible." },
  { "ExcludeNodes", "A list of nodes never to use when building a circuit." },
  { "FascistFirewall", "If set, Tor will only create outgoing connections to "
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    "servers running on the ports listed in FirewallPorts." },
  { "FirewallPorts", "A list of ports that we can connect to.  Only used "
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    "when FascistFirewall is set." },
  { "LongLivedPorts", "A list of ports for services that tend to require "
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    "high-uptime connections." },
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  { "MapAddress", "Force Tor to treat all requests for one address as if "
    "they were for another." },
  { "NewCircuitPeriod", "Force Tor to consider whether to build a new circuit "
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    "every NUM seconds." },
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  { "MaxCircuitDirtiness", "Do not attach new streams to a circuit that has "
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    "been used more than this many seconds ago." },
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  /* NatdPort, NatdListenAddress */
  { "NodeFamily", "A list of servers that constitute a 'family' and should "
    "never be used in the same circuit." },
  { "NumEntryGuards", "How many entry guards should we keep at a time?" },
  /* PathlenCoinWeight */
  { "ReachableAddresses", "Addresses we can connect to, as IP/bits:port-port. "
    "By default, we assume all addresses are reachable." },
  /* reachablediraddresses, reachableoraddresses. */
  /* SafeSOCKS */
  { "SOCKSPort", "The port where we listen for SOCKS connections from "
    "applications." },
  { "SOCKSListenAddress", "Bind to this address to listen to connections from "
    "SOCKS-speaking applications." },
  { "SOCKSPolicy", "Set an entry policy to limit which addresses can connect "
    "to the SOCKSPort." },
  /* SocksTimeout */
  { "StrictExitNodes", "If set, Tor will fail to operate when none of the "
    "configured ExitNodes can be used." },
  { "StrictEntryNodes", "If set, Tor will fail to operate when none of the "
    "configured EntryNodes can be used." },
  /* TestSocks */
  { "TrackHostsExit", "Hosts and domains which should, if possible, be "
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    "accessed from the same exit node each time we connect to them." },
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  { "TrackHostsExitExpire", "Time after which we forget which exit we were "
    "using to connect to hosts in TrackHostsExit." },
  /* "TransPort", "TransListenAddress */
  { "UseEntryGuards", "Set to 0 if we want to pick from the whole set of "
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    "servers for the first position in each circuit, rather than picking a "
    "set of 'Guards' to prevent profiling attacks." },
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  /* === server options */
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  { "Address", "The advertised (external) address we should use." },
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  /* Accounting* options. */
  /* AssumeReachable */
  { "ContactInfo", "Administrative contact information to advertise for this "
    "server." },
  { "ExitPolicy", "Address/port ranges for which to accept or reject outgoing "
    "connections on behalf of Tor users." },
  /*  { "ExitPolicyRejectPrivate, "" }, */
  { "MaxAdvertisedBandwidth", "If set, we will not advertise more than this "
    "amount of bandwidth for our bandwidth rate, regardless of how much "
    "bandwidth we actually detect." },
  { "MaxOnionsPending", "Reject new attempts to extend circuits when we "
    "already have this many pending." },
  { "MyFamily", "Declare a list of other servers as belonging to the same "
    "family as this one, so that clients will not use two from the same "
    "family in the same circuit." },
  { "Nickname", "Set the server nickname." },
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  { "NoPublish", "{DEPRECATED}" },
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  { "NumCPUs", "How many processes to use at once for public-key crypto." },
  { "ORPort", "Advertise this port to listen for connections from Tor clients "
    "and servers." },
  { "ORListenAddress", "Bind to this address to listen for connections from "
    "clients and servers, instead of the default 0.0.0.0:ORPort." },
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  { "PublishServerDescriptor", "Set to 0 to keep the server from "
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    "uploading info to the directory authorities." },
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  /*{ "RedirectExit", "When an outgoing connection tries to connect to a "
   *"given address, redirect it to another address instead." },
   */
  /* ServerDNS: DetectHijacking, ResolvConfFile, SearchDomains */
  { "ShutdownWaitLength", "Wait this long for clients to finish when "
    "shutting down because of a SIGINT." },
  /* { "TestVia", } */

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  /* === directory cache options */
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  { "DirPort", "Serve directory information from this port, and act as a "
    "directory cache." },
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  { "DirListenAddress", "Bind to this address to listen for connections from "
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    "clients and servers, instead of the default 0.0.0.0:DirPort." },
  { "DirPolicy", "Set a policy to limit who can connect to the directory "
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    "port." },
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  /*  Authority options: AuthDirBadExit, AuthDirInvalid, AuthDirReject,
   * AuthDirRejectUnlisted, AuthDirListBadExits, AuthoritativeDirectory,
   * DirAllowPrivateAddresses, HSAuthoritativeDir,
   * NamingAuthoritativeDirectory, RecommendedVersions,
   * RecommendedClientVersions, RecommendedServerVersions, RendPostPeriod,
   * RunTesting, V1AuthoritativeDirectory, VersioningAuthoritativeDirectory, */

  /* Hidden service options: HiddenService: dir,excludenodes, nodes,
   * options, port.  PublishHidServDescriptor */

  /* Nonpersistent options: __LeaveStreamsUnattached, __AllDirActionsPrivate */
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  { NULL, NULL },
};

static config_var_description_t state_description[] = {
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  { "AccountingBytesReadInInterval",
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    "How many bytes have we read in this accounting period?" },
  { "AccountingBytesWrittenInInterval",
    "How many bytes have we written in this accounting period?" },
  { "AccountingExpectedUsage",
    "How many bytes did we expect to use per minute? (0 for no estimate.)" },
  { "AccountingIntervalStart", "When did this accounting period begin?" },
  { "AccountingSecondsActive", "How long have we been awake in this period?" },

  { "BWHistoryReadEnds", "When does the last-recorded read-interval end?" },
  { "BWHistoryReadInterval", "How long is each read-interval (in seconds)?" },
  { "BWHistoryReadValues", "Number of bytes read in each interval." },
  { "BWHistoryWriteEnds", "When does the last-recorded write-interval end?" },
  { "BWHistoryWriteInterval", "How long is each write-interval (in seconds)?"},
  { "BWHistoryWriteValues", "Number of bytes written in each interval." },

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  { "EntryGuard", "One of the nodes we have chosen as a fixed entry" },
  { "EntryGuardDownSince",
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    "The last entry guard has been unreachable since this time." },
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  { "EntryGuardUnlistedSince",
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    "The last entry guard has been unusable since this time." },
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  { "LastRotatedOnionKey",
    "The last time at which we changed the medium-term private key used for "
    "building circuits." },
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  { "LastWritten", "When was this state file last regenerated?" },

  { "TorVersion", "Which version of Tor generated this state file?" },
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  { NULL, NULL },
};

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/** Type of a callback to validate whether a given configuration is
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 * well-formed and consistent. See options_trial_assign() for documentation
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 * of arguments. */
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typedef int (*validate_fn_t)(void*,void*,int,char**);
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/** Information on the keys, value types, key-to-struct-member mappings,
 * variable descriptions, validation functions, and abbreviations for a
 * configuration or storage format. */
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typedef struct {
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  size_t size; /**< Size of the struct that everything gets parsed into. */
  uint32_t magic; /**< Required 'magic value' to make sure we have a struct
                   * of the right type. */
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  off_t magic_offset; /**< Offset of the magic value within the struct. */
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  config_abbrev_t *abbrevs; /**< List of abbreviations that we expand when
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                             * parsing this format. */
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  config_var_t *vars; /**< List of variables we recognize, their default
                       * values, and where we stick them in the structure. */
  validate_fn_t validate_fn; /**< Function to validate config. */
  /** Documentation for configuration variables. */
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  config_var_description_t *descriptions;
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  /** If present, extra is a LINELIST variable for unrecognized
   * lines.  Otherwise, unrecognized lines are an error. */
  config_var_t *extra;
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} config_format_t;

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/** Macro: assert that <b>cfg</b> has the right magic field for format
 * <b>fmt</b>. */
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#define CHECK(fmt, cfg) STMT_BEGIN                                      \
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    tor_assert(fmt && cfg);                                             \
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    tor_assert((fmt)->magic ==                                          \
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               *(uint32_t*)STRUCT_VAR_P(cfg,fmt->magic_offset));        \
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  STMT_END
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#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
static char *get_windows_conf_root(void);
#endif
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static void config_line_append(config_line_t **lst,
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                               const char *key, const char *val);
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static void option_clear(config_format_t *fmt, or_options_t *options,
                         config_var_t *var);
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static void option_reset(config_format_t *fmt, or_options_t *options,
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                         config_var_t *var, int use_defaults);
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static void config_free(config_format_t *fmt, void *options);
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static int config_lines_eq(config_line_t *a, config_line_t *b);
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static int option_is_same(config_format_t *fmt,
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                          or_options_t *o1, or_options_t *o2,
                          const char *name);
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static or_options_t *options_dup(config_format_t *fmt, or_options_t *old);
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static int options_validate(or_options_t *old_options, or_options_t *options,
                            int from_setconf, char **msg);
static int options_act_reversible(or_options_t *old_options, char **msg);
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static int options_act(or_options_t *old_options);
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static int options_transition_allowed(or_options_t *old, or_options_t *new,
                                      char **msg);
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static int options_transition_affects_workers(or_options_t *old_options,
                                              or_options_t *new_options);
static int options_transition_affects_descriptor(or_options_t *old_options,
                                                 or_options_t *new_options);
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static int check_nickname_list(const char *lst, const char *name, char **msg);
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static void config_register_addressmaps(or_options_t *options);
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static int parse_bridge_line(const char *line, int validate_only);
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static int parse_dir_server_line(const char *line,
                                 authority_type_t required_type,
                                 int validate_only);
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static int parse_redirect_line(smartlist_t *result,
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                               config_line_t *line, char **msg);
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static int validate_data_directory(or_options_t *options);
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static int write_configuration_file(const char *fname, or_options_t *options);
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static config_line_t *get_assigned_option(config_format_t *fmt,
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                                      or_options_t *options, const char *key,
                                      int escape_val);
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static void config_init(config_format_t *fmt, void *options);
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static int or_state_validate(or_state_t *old_options, or_state_t *options,
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                             int from_setconf, char **msg);
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static int or_state_load(void);
static int options_init_logs(or_options_t *options, int validate_only);
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static uint64_t config_parse_memunit(const char *s, int *ok);
static int config_parse_interval(const char *s, int *ok);
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static void print_svn_version(void);
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static void init_libevent(void);
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static int opt_streq(const char *s1, const char *s2);
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/** Versions of libevent. */
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typedef enum {
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  /* Note: we compare these, so it's important that "old" precede everything,
   * and that "other" come last. */
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  LE_OLD=0, LE_10C, LE_10D, LE_10E, LE_11, LE_11A, LE_11B, LE_12, LE_12A,
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  LE_13, LE_13A, LE_13B, LE_13C, LE_13D,
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  LE_OTHER
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} le_version_t;
static le_version_t decode_libevent_version(void);
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#if defined(HAVE_EVENT_GET_VERSION) && defined(HAVE_EVENT_GET_METHOD)
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static void check_libevent_version(const char *m, int server);
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#endif
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/** Magic value for or_options_t. */
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#define OR_OPTIONS_MAGIC 9090909

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/** Configuration format for or_options_t. */
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static config_format_t options_format = {
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  sizeof(or_options_t),
  OR_OPTIONS_MAGIC,
  STRUCT_OFFSET(or_options_t, _magic),
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  _option_abbrevs,
  _option_vars,
  (validate_fn_t)options_validate,
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  options_description,
  NULL
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};

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/** Magic value for or_state_t. */
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#define OR_STATE_MAGIC 0x57A73f57

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/** "Extra" variable in the state that receives lines we can't parse. This
 * lets us preserve options from versions of Tor newer than us. */
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static config_var_t state_extra_var = {
  "__extra", CONFIG_TYPE_LINELIST, STRUCT_OFFSET(or_state_t, ExtraLines), NULL
};

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/** Configuration format for or_state_t. */
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static config_format_t state_format = {
  sizeof(or_state_t),
  OR_STATE_MAGIC,
  STRUCT_OFFSET(or_state_t, _magic),
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  (validate_fn_t)or_state_validate,
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  state_description,
  &state_extra_var,
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};

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/*
 * Functions to read and write the global options pointer.
 */

/** Command-line and config-file options. */
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static or_options_t *global_options = NULL;
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/** Name of most recently read torrc file. */
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static char *torrc_fname = NULL;
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/** Persistent serialized state. */
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static or_state_t *global_state = NULL;
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/** Configuration Options set by command line. */
static config_line_t *global_cmdline_options = NULL;
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/** Allocate an empty configuration object of a given format type. */
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static void *
config_alloc(config_format_t *fmt)
{
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  CHECK(fmt, opts);
  return opts;
}

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/** Return the currently configured options. */
or_options_t *
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get_options(void)
{
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  tor_assert(global_options);
  return global_options;
}
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/** Change the current global options to contain <b>new_val</b> instead of
 * their current value; take action based on the new value; free the old value
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 */
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int
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set_options(or_options_t *new_val, char **msg)
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{
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  /* Note that we pass the *old* options below, for comparison. It
   * pulls the new options directly out of global_options. */
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    tor_assert(*msg);
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    global_options = old_options;
    return -1;
  }
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    log_err(LD_BUG,
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            "Acting on config options left us in a broken state. Dying.");
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    exit(1);
  }
  if (old_options)
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    config_free(&options_format, old_options);
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  return 0;
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}

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extern const char tor_svn_revision[]; /* from tor_main.c */
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static char *_version = NULL;

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/** Return the current Tor version, possibly */
const char *
get_version(void)
{
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    if (strlen(tor_svn_revision)) {
      size_t len = strlen(VERSION)+strlen(tor_svn_revision)+8;
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      tor_snprintf(_version, len, "%s (r%s)", VERSION, tor_svn_revision);
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    }
  }
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  return _version;
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}

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/** Release all memory and resources held by global configuration structures.
 */
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void
config_free_all(void)
{
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  if (global_options) {
    config_free(&options_format, global_options);
    global_options = NULL;
  }
  if (global_state) {
    config_free(&state_format, global_state);
    global_state = NULL;
  }
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  if (global_cmdline_options) {
    config_free_lines(global_cmdline_options);
    global_cmdline_options = NULL;
  }
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}

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/** If options->SafeLogging is on, return a not very useful string,
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 */
const char *
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safe_str(const char *address)
{
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  tor_assert(address);
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  if (get_options()->SafeLogging)
    return "[scrubbed]";
  else
    return address;
}

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/** Equivalent to escaped(safe_str(address)).  See reentrancy note on
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 * escaped(): don't use this outside the main thread, or twice in the same
 * log statement. */
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const char *
escaped_safe_str(const char *address)
{
  if (get_options()->SafeLogging)
    return "[scrubbed]";
  else
    return escaped(address);
}

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/** Add the default directory authorities directly into the trusted dir list,
 * but only add them insofar as they share bits with <b>type</b>. */
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static void
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add_default_trusted_dir_authorities(authority_type_t type)
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{
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  int i;
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  const char *dirservers[] = {
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    "moria1 v1 orport=9001 v3ident=E2A2AF570166665D738736D0DD58169CC61D8A8B "
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      "128.31.0.34:9031 FFCB 46DB 1339 DA84 674C 70D7 CB58 6434 C437 0441",
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    "tor26 v1 orport=443 v3ident=14C131DFC5C6F93646BE72FA1401C02A8DF2E8B4 "
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      "86.59.21.38:80 847B 1F85 0344 D787 6491 A548 92F9 0493 4E4E B85D",
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    "lefkada orport=443 "
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    "dizum orport=443 v3ident=E8A9C45EDE6D711294FADF8E7951F4DE6CA56B58 "
      "194.109.206.212:80 7EA6 EAD6 FD83 083C 538F 4403 8BBF A077 587D D755",
882
883
    "Tonga orport=443 bridge no-v2 82.94.251.206:80 "
      "4A0C CD2D DC79 9508 3D73 F5D6 6710 0C8A 5831 F16D",
884
885
    "ides orport=9090 no-v2 v3ident=27B6B5996C426270A5C95488AA5BCEB6BCC86956 "
      "216.224.124.114:9030 F397 038A DC51 3361 35E7 B80B D99C A384 4360 292B",
886
    "gabelmoo orport=443 no-v2 "
887
      "v3ident=81349FC1F2DBA2C2C11B45CB9706637D480AB913 "
888
      "88.198.7.215:80 6833 3D07 61BC F397 A587 A0C0 B963 E4A9 E99E C4D3",
889
890
891
    "dannenberg orport=443 no-v2 "
      "v3ident=585769C78764D58426B8B52B6651A5A71137189A "
      "213.73.91.31:80 7BE6 83E6 5D48 1413 21C5 ED92 F075 C553 64AC 7123",
892
    NULL
893
  };
894
895
896
897
898
899
  for (i=0; dirservers[i]; i++) {
    if (parse_dir_server_line(dirservers[i], type, 0)<0) {
      log_err(LD_BUG, "Couldn't parse internal dirserver line %s",
              dirservers[i]);
    }
  }
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
}

/** Look at all the config options for using alternate directory
 * authorities, and make sure none of them are broken. Also, warn the
 * user if we changed any dangerous ones.
 */
static int
validate_dir_authorities(or_options_t *options, or_options_t *old_options)
{
  config_line_t *cl;

  if (options->DirServers &&
      (options->AlternateDirAuthority || options->AlternateBridgeAuthority ||
       options->AlternateHSAuthority)) {
    log_warn(LD_CONFIG,
             "You cannot set both DirServers and Alternate*Authority.");
    return -1;
  }

  /* do we want to complain to the user about being partitionable? */
  if ((options->DirServers &&
       (!old_options ||
        !config_lines_eq(options->DirServers, old_options->DirServers))) ||
      (options->AlternateDirAuthority &&
       (!old_options ||
        !config_lines_eq(options->AlternateDirAuthority,
                         old_options->AlternateDirAuthority)))) {
    log_warn(LD_CONFIG,
             "You have used DirServer or AlternateDirAuthority to "
             "specify alternate directory authorities in "
             "your configuration. This is potentially dangerous: it can "
             "make you look different from all other Tor users, and hurt "
             "your anonymity. Even if you've specified the same "
             "authorities as Tor uses by default, the defaults could "
             "change in the future. Be sure you know what you're doing.");
  }

  /* Now go through the four ways you can configure an alternate
   * set of directory authorities, and make sure none are broken. */
  for (cl = options->DirServers; cl; cl = cl->next)
940
    if (parse_dir_server_line(cl->value, NO_AUTHORITY, 1)<0)
941
942
      return -1;
  for (cl = options->AlternateBridgeAu