config.c 158 KB
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/* Copyright (c) 2001 Matej Pfajfar.
 * Copyright (c) 2001-2004, Roger Dingledine.
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 * Copyright (c) 2004-2007, Roger Dingledine, Nick Mathewson. */
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/* See LICENSE for licensing information */
/* $Id$ */
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const char config_c_id[] = \
  "$Id$";
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/**
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 * \file config.c
 * \brief Code to parse and interpret configuration files.
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 **/

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#define CONFIG_PRIVATE

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#include "or.h"
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#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
#include <shlobj.h>
#endif
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/** Enumeration of types which option values can take */
typedef enum config_type_t {
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  CONFIG_TYPE_STRING = 0,   /**< An arbitrary string. */
  CONFIG_TYPE_UINT,         /**< A non-negative integer less than MAX_INT */
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  CONFIG_TYPE_INTERVAL,     /**< A number of seconds, with optional units*/
  CONFIG_TYPE_MEMUNIT,      /**< A number of bytes, with optional units*/
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  CONFIG_TYPE_DOUBLE,       /**< A floating-point value */
  CONFIG_TYPE_BOOL,         /**< A boolean value, expressed as 0 or 1. */
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  CONFIG_TYPE_ISOTIME,      /**< An ISO-formated time relative to GMT. */
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  CONFIG_TYPE_CSV,          /**< A list of strings, separated by commas and
                              * optional whitespace. */
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  CONFIG_TYPE_LINELIST,     /**< Uninterpreted config lines */
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  CONFIG_TYPE_LINELIST_S,   /**< Uninterpreted, context-sensitive config lines,
                             * mixed with other keywords. */
  CONFIG_TYPE_LINELIST_V,   /**< Catch-all "virtual" option to summarize
                             * context-sensitive config lines when fetching.
                             */
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  CONFIG_TYPE_OBSOLETE,     /**< Obsolete (ignored) option. */
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} config_type_t;
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/** An abbreviation for a configuration option allowed on the command line. */
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typedef struct config_abbrev_t {
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  const char *abbreviated;
  const char *full;
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  int commandline_only;
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  int warn;
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} config_abbrev_t;

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/* Handy macro for declaring "In the config file or on the command line,
 * you can abbreviate <b>tok</b>s as <b>tok</b>". */
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#define PLURAL(tok) { #tok, #tok "s", 0, 0 }
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/* A list of command-line abbreviations. */
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static config_abbrev_t _option_abbrevs[] = {
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  PLURAL(ExitNode),
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  PLURAL(EntryNode),
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  PLURAL(ExcludeNode),
  PLURAL(FirewallPort),
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  PLURAL(LongLivedPort),
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  PLURAL(HiddenServiceNode),
  PLURAL(HiddenServiceExcludeNode),
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  PLURAL(NumCpu),
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  PLURAL(RendNode),
  PLURAL(RendExcludeNode),
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  PLURAL(StrictEntryNode),
  PLURAL(StrictExitNode),
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  { "l", "Log", 1, 0},
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  { "AllowUnverifiedNodes", "AllowInvalidNodes", 0, 0},
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  { "AutomapHostSuffixes", "AutomapHostsSuffixes", 0, 0},
  { "AutomapHostOnResolve", "AutomapHostsOnResolve", 0, 0},
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  { "BandwidthRateBytes", "BandwidthRate", 0, 0},
  { "BandwidthBurstBytes", "BandwidthBurst", 0, 0},
  { "DirFetchPostPeriod", "StatusFetchPeriod", 0, 0},
  { "MaxConn", "ConnLimit", 0, 1},
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  { "ORBindAddress", "ORListenAddress", 0, 0},
  { "DirBindAddress", "DirListenAddress", 0, 0},
  { "SocksBindAddress", "SocksListenAddress", 0, 0},
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  { "UseHelperNodes", "UseEntryGuards", 0, 0},
  { "NumHelperNodes", "NumEntryGuards", 0, 0},
  { "UseEntryNodes", "UseEntryGuards", 0, 0},
  { "NumEntryNodes", "NumEntryGuards", 0, 0},
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  { "ResolvConf", "ServerDNSResolvConfFile", 0, 1},
  { "SearchDomains", "ServerDNSSearchDomains", 0, 1},
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  { NULL, NULL, 0, 0},
};
/* A list of state-file abbreviations, for compatibility. */
static config_abbrev_t _state_abbrevs[] = {
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  { "AccountingBytesReadInterval", "AccountingBytesReadInInterval", 0, 0 },
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  { "HelperNode", "EntryGuard", 0, 0 },
  { "HelperNodeDownSince", "EntryGuardDownSince", 0, 0 },
  { "HelperNodeUnlistedSince", "EntryGuardUnlistedSince", 0, 0 },
  { "EntryNode", "EntryGuard", 0, 0 },
  { "EntryNodeDownSince", "EntryGuardDownSince", 0, 0 },
  { "EntryNodeUnlistedSince", "EntryGuardUnlistedSince", 0, 0 },
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  { NULL, NULL, 0, 0},
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};
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#undef PLURAL
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/** A variable allowed in the configuration file or on the command line. */
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typedef struct config_var_t {
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  const char *name; /**< The full keyword (case insensitive). */
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  config_type_t type; /**< How to interpret the type and turn it into a
                       * value. */
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  off_t var_offset; /**< Offset of the corresponding member of or_options_t. */
  const char *initvalue; /**< String (or null) describing initial value. */
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} config_var_t;

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/** An entry for config_vars: "The option <b>name</b> has type
 * CONFIG_TYPE_<b>conftype</b>, and corresponds to
 * or_options_t.<b>member</b>"
 */
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#define VAR(name,conftype,member,initvalue)                             \
  { name, CONFIG_TYPE_ ## conftype, STRUCT_OFFSET(or_options_t, member), \
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      initvalue }
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/** As VAR, but the option name and member name are the same. */
#define V(member,conftype,initvalue)                                    \
  VAR(#member, conftype, member, initvalue)
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/** An entry for config_vars: "The option <b>name</b> is obsolete." */
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#define OBSOLETE(name) { name, CONFIG_TYPE_OBSOLETE, 0, NULL }
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/** Array of configuration options.  Until we disallow nonstandard
 * abbreviations, order is significant, since the first matching option will
 * be chosen first.
 */
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static config_var_t _option_vars[] = {
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  OBSOLETE("AccountingMaxKB"),
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  V(AccountingMax,               MEMUNIT,  "0 bytes"),
  V(AccountingStart,             STRING,   NULL),
  V(Address,                     STRING,   NULL),
  V(AllowInvalidNodes,           CSV,      "middle,rendezvous"),
  V(AllowNonRFC953Hostnames,     BOOL,     "0"),
  V(AssumeReachable,             BOOL,     "0"),
  V(AuthDirBadExit,              LINELIST, NULL),
  V(AuthDirInvalid,              LINELIST, NULL),
  V(AuthDirReject,               LINELIST, NULL),
  V(AuthDirRejectUnlisted,       BOOL,     "0"),
  V(AuthDirListBadExits,         BOOL,     "0"),
  VAR("AuthoritativeDirectory",  BOOL, AuthoritativeDir,    "0"),
  V(AutomapHostsOnResolve,       BOOL,     "0"),
  V(AutomapHostsSuffixes,        CSV,      ".onion,.exit"),
  V(AvoidDiskWrites,             BOOL,     "0"),
  V(BandwidthBurst,              MEMUNIT,  "6 MB"),
  V(BandwidthRate,               MEMUNIT,  "3 MB"),
  V(BridgeAuthoritativeDir,      BOOL,     "0"),
  VAR("Bridge",                  LINELIST, Bridges,    NULL),
  V(CircuitBuildTimeout,         INTERVAL, "1 minute"),
  V(CircuitIdleTimeout,          INTERVAL, "1 hour"),
  V(ClientDNSRejectInternalAddresses, BOOL,"1"),
  V(ClientOnly,                  BOOL,     "0"),
  V(ConnLimit,                   UINT,     "1000"),
  V(ConstrainedSockets,          BOOL,     "0"),
  V(ConstrainedSockSize,         MEMUNIT,  "8192"),
  V(ContactInfo,                 STRING,   NULL),
  V(ControlListenAddress,        LINELIST, NULL),
  V(ControlPort,                 UINT,     "0"),
  V(ControlSocket,               LINELIST, NULL),
  V(CookieAuthentication,        BOOL,     "0"),
  V(CookieAuthFileGroupReadable, BOOL,     "0"),
  V(CookieAuthFile,              STRING,   NULL),
  V(DataDirectory,               STRING,   NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("DebugLogFile"),
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  V(DirAllowPrivateAddresses,    BOOL,     NULL),
  V(DirListenAddress,            LINELIST, NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("DirFetchPeriod"),
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  V(DirPolicy,                   LINELIST, NULL),
  V(DirPort,                     UINT,     "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("DirPostPeriod"),
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  VAR("DirServer",               LINELIST, DirServers, NULL),
  V(DNSPort,                     UINT,     "0"),
  V(DNSListenAddress,            LINELIST, NULL),
  V(DownloadExtraInfo,           BOOL,     "0"),
  V(EnforceDistinctSubnets,      BOOL,     "1"),
  V(EntryNodes,                  STRING,   NULL),
  V(ExcludeNodes,                STRING,   NULL),
  V(ExitNodes,                   STRING,   NULL),
  V(ExitPolicy,                  LINELIST, NULL),
  V(ExitPolicyRejectPrivate,     BOOL,     "1"),
  V(FascistFirewall,             BOOL,     "0"),
  V(FirewallPorts,               CSV,      ""),
  V(FastFirstHopPK,              BOOL,     "1"),
  V(FetchServerDescriptors,      BOOL,     "1"),
  V(FetchHidServDescriptors,     BOOL,     "1"),
  V(FetchUselessDescriptors,     BOOL,     "0"),
  V(Group,                       STRING,   NULL),
  V(HardwareAccel,               BOOL,     "0"),
  V(HashedControlPassword,       STRING,   NULL),
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  VAR("HiddenServiceDir",    LINELIST_S, RendConfigLines,    NULL),
  VAR("HiddenServiceExcludeNodes", LINELIST_S, RendConfigLines, NULL),
  VAR("HiddenServiceNodes",  LINELIST_S, RendConfigLines,    NULL),
  VAR("HiddenServiceOptions",LINELIST_V, RendConfigLines,    NULL),
  VAR("HiddenServicePort",   LINELIST_S, RendConfigLines,    NULL),
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  V(HSAuthoritativeDir,          BOOL,     "0"),
  V(HSAuthorityRecordStats,      BOOL,     "0"),
  V(HttpProxy,                   STRING,   NULL),
  V(HttpProxyAuthenticator,      STRING,   NULL),
  V(HttpsProxy,                  STRING,   NULL),
  V(HttpsProxyAuthenticator,     STRING,   NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("IgnoreVersion"),
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  V(KeepalivePeriod,             INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
  VAR("Log",                     LINELIST, Logs,             NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("LinkPadding"),
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  OBSOLETE("LogLevel"),
  OBSOLETE("LogFile"),
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  V(LongLivedPorts,              CSV,
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                         "21,22,706,1863,5050,5190,5222,5223,6667,6697,8300"),
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  VAR("MapAddress",              LINELIST, AddressMap,           NULL),
  V(MaxAdvertisedBandwidth,      MEMUNIT,  "1 GB"),
  V(MaxCircuitDirtiness,         INTERVAL, "10 minutes"),
  V(MaxOnionsPending,            UINT,     "100"),
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  OBSOLETE("MonthlyAccountingStart"),
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  V(MyFamily,                    STRING,   NULL),
  V(NewCircuitPeriod,            INTERVAL, "30 seconds"),
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  VAR("NamingAuthoritativeDirectory",BOOL, NamingAuthoritativeDir, "0"),
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  V(NatdListenAddress,           LINELIST, NULL),
  V(NatdPort,                    UINT,     "0"),
  V(Nickname,                    STRING,   NULL),
  V(NoPublish,                   BOOL,     "0"),
  VAR("NodeFamily",              LINELIST, NodeFamilies,         NULL),
  V(NumCpus,                     UINT,     "1"),
  V(NumEntryGuards,              UINT,     "3"),
  V(ORListenAddress,             LINELIST, NULL),
  V(ORPort,                      UINT,     "0"),
  V(OutboundBindAddress,         STRING,   NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("PathlenCoinWeight"),
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  V(PidFile,                     STRING,   NULL),
  V(PreferTunneledDirConns,      BOOL,     "0"),
  V(ProtocolWarnings,            BOOL,     "0"),
  V(PublishServerDescriptor,     CSV,      "v1,v2"),
  V(PublishHidServDescriptors,   BOOL,     "1"),
  V(ReachableAddresses,          LINELIST, NULL),
  V(ReachableDirAddresses,       LINELIST, NULL),
  V(ReachableORAddresses,        LINELIST, NULL),
  V(RecommendedVersions,         LINELIST, NULL),
  V(RecommendedClientVersions,   LINELIST, NULL),
  V(RecommendedServerVersions,   LINELIST, NULL),
  V(RedirectExit,                LINELIST, NULL),
  V(RelayBandwidthBurst,         MEMUNIT,  "0"),
  V(RelayBandwidthRate,          MEMUNIT,  "0"),
  V(RendExcludeNodes,            STRING,   NULL),
  V(RendNodes,                   STRING,   NULL),
  V(RendPostPeriod,              INTERVAL, "1 hour"),
  V(RephistTrackTime,            INTERVAL, "24 hours"),
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  OBSOLETE("RouterFile"),
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  V(RunAsDaemon,                 BOOL,     "0"),
  V(RunTesting,                  BOOL,     "0"),
  V(SafeLogging,                 BOOL,     "1"),
  V(SafeSocks,                   BOOL,     "0"),
  V(ServerDNSAllowNonRFC953Hostnames, BOOL,"0"),
  V(ServerDNSDetectHijacking,    BOOL,     "1"),
  V(ServerDNSResolvConfFile,     STRING,   NULL),
  V(ServerDNSSearchDomains,      BOOL,     "0"),
  V(ServerDNSTestAddresses,      CSV,
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      "www.google.com,www.mit.edu,www.yahoo.com,www.slashdot.org"),
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  V(ShutdownWaitLength,          INTERVAL, "30 seconds"),
  V(SocksListenAddress,          LINELIST, NULL),
  V(SocksPolicy,                 LINELIST, NULL),
  V(SocksPort,                   UINT,     "9050"),
  V(SocksTimeout,                INTERVAL, "2 minutes"),
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  OBSOLETE("StatusFetchPeriod"),
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  V(StrictEntryNodes,            BOOL,     "0"),
  V(StrictExitNodes,             BOOL,     "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("SysLog"),
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  V(TestSocks,                   BOOL,     "0"),
  V(TestVia,                     STRING,   NULL),
  V(TrackHostExits,              CSV,      NULL),
  V(TrackHostExitsExpire,        INTERVAL, "30 minutes"),
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  OBSOLETE("TrafficShaping"),
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  V(TransListenAddress,          LINELIST, NULL),
  V(TransPort,                   UINT,     "0"),
  V(TunnelDirConns,              BOOL,     "0"),
  V(UpdateBridgesFromAuthority,  BOOL,     "0"),
  V(UseBridges,                  BOOL,     "0"),
  V(UseEntryGuards,              BOOL,     "1"),
  V(User,                        STRING,   NULL),
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  VAR("V1AuthoritativeDirectory",BOOL, V1AuthoritativeDir,   "0"),
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  VAR("V2AuthoritativeDirectory",BOOL, V2AuthoritativeDir,   "0"),
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  VAR("V3AuthoritativeDirectory",BOOL, V3AuthoritativeDir,   "0"),
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  V(V3AuthVotingInterval,        INTERVAL, "1 hour"),
  V(V3AuthVoteDelay,             INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
  V(V3AuthDistDelay,             INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
  V(V3AuthNIntervalsValid,       UINT,     "3"),
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  VAR("VersioningAuthoritativeDirectory",BOOL,VersioningAuthoritativeDir, "0"),
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  V(VirtualAddrNetwork,          STRING,   "127.192.0.0/10"),
  VAR("__AllDirActionsPrivate",  BOOL,  AllDirActionsPrivate,     "0"),
  VAR("__DisablePredictedCircuits",BOOL,DisablePredictedCircuits, "0"),
  VAR("__LeaveStreamsUnattached",BOOL,  LeaveStreamsUnattached,   "0"),
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  { NULL, CONFIG_TYPE_OBSOLETE, 0, NULL }
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};
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#undef VAR

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#define VAR(name,conftype,member,initvalue)                             \
  { name, CONFIG_TYPE_ ## conftype, STRUCT_OFFSET(or_state_t, member),  \
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      initvalue }
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static config_var_t _state_vars[] = {
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  V(AccountingBytesReadInInterval,    MEMUNIT,  NULL),
  V(AccountingBytesWrittenInInterval, MEMUNIT,  NULL),
  V(AccountingExpectedUsage,          MEMUNIT,  NULL),
  V(AccountingIntervalStart,          ISOTIME,  NULL),
  V(AccountingSecondsActive,          INTERVAL, NULL),
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  VAR("EntryGuard",              LINELIST_S,  EntryGuards,             NULL),
  VAR("EntryGuardDownSince",     LINELIST_S,  EntryGuards,             NULL),
  VAR("EntryGuardUnlistedSince", LINELIST_S,  EntryGuards,             NULL),
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  VAR("EntryGuardAddedBy",       LINELIST_S,  EntryGuards,             NULL),
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  V(EntryGuards,                 LINELIST_V,  NULL),
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  V(BWHistoryReadEnds,                ISOTIME,  NULL),
  V(BWHistoryReadInterval,            UINT,     "900"),
  V(BWHistoryReadValues,              CSV,      ""),
  V(BWHistoryWriteEnds,               ISOTIME,  NULL),
  V(BWHistoryWriteInterval,           UINT,     "900"),
  V(BWHistoryWriteValues,             CSV,      ""),
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  V(TorVersion,                       STRING,   NULL),
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  V(LastRotatedOnionKey,              ISOTIME,  NULL),
  V(LastWritten,                      ISOTIME,  NULL),
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  { NULL, CONFIG_TYPE_OBSOLETE, 0, NULL }
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};

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#undef VAR
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#undef V
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#undef OBSOLETE

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/** Represents an English description of a configuration variable; used when
 * generating configuration file comments. */
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typedef struct config_var_description_t {
  const char *name;
  const char *description;
} config_var_description_t;

static config_var_description_t options_description[] = {
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  /* ==== general options */
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  { "AvoidDiskWrites", "If non-zero, try to write to disk less frequently than"
    " we would otherwise." },
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  { "BandwidthRate", "A token bucket limits the average incoming bandwidth on "
    "this node to the specified number of bytes per second." },
  { "BandwidthBurst", "Limit the maximum token buffer size (also known as "
    "burst) to the given number of bytes." },
  { "ConnLimit", "Maximum number of simultaneous sockets allowed." },
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  { "ConstrainedSockets", "Shrink tx and rx buffers for sockets to avoid "
    "system limits on vservers and related environments.  See man page for "
    "more information regarding this option." },
  { "ConstrainedSockSize", "Limit socket buffers to this size when "
    "ConstrainedSockets is enabled." },
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  /*  ControlListenAddress */
  { "ControlPort", "If set, Tor will accept connections from the same machine "
    "(localhost only) on this port, and allow those connections to control "
    "the Tor process using the Tor Control Protocol (described in"
    "control-spec.txt).", },
  { "CookieAuthentication", "If this option is set to 1, don't allow any "
    "connections to the control port except when the connecting process "
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    "can read a file that Tor creates in its data directory." },
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  { "DataDirectory", "Store working data, state, keys, and caches here." },
  { "DirServer", "Tor only trusts directories signed with one of these "
    "servers' keys.  Used to override the standard list of directory "
    "authorities." },
  /* { "FastFirstHopPK", "" }, */
  /* FetchServerDescriptors, FetchHidServDescriptors,
   * FetchUselessDescriptors */
  { "Group", "On startup, setgid to this group." },
  { "HardwareAccel", "If set, Tor tries to use hardware crypto accelerators "
    "when it can." },
  /* HashedControlPassword */
  { "HTTPProxy", "Force Tor to make all HTTP directory requests through this "
    "host:port (or host:80 if port is not set)." },
  { "HTTPProxyAuthenticator", "A username:password pair to be used with "
    "HTTPProxy." },
  { "HTTPSProxy", "Force Tor to make all TLS (SSL) connectinos through this "
    "host:port (or host:80 if port is not set)." },
  { "HTTPSProxyAuthenticator", "A username:password pair to be used with "
    "HTTPSProxy." },
  { "KeepalivePeriod", "Send a padding cell every N seconds to keep firewalls "
    "from closing our connections while Tor is not in use." },
  { "Log", "Where to send logging messages.  Format is "
    "minSeverity[-maxSeverity] (stderr|stdout|syslog|file FILENAME)." },
  { "OutboundBindAddress", "Make all outbound connections originate from the "
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    "provided IP address (only useful for multiple network interfaces)." },
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  { "PIDFile", "On startup, write our PID to this file. On clean shutdown, "
    "remove the file." },
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  { "PreferTunneledDirConns", "If non-zero, avoid directory servers that "
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    "don't support tunneled connections." },
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  /* PreferTunneledDirConns */
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  /* ProtocolWarnings */
  /* RephistTrackTime */
  { "RunAsDaemon", "If set, Tor forks and daemonizes to the background when "
    "started.  Unix only." },
  { "SafeLogging", "If set to 0, Tor logs potentially sensitive strings "
    "rather than replacing them with the string [scrubbed]." },
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  { "TunnelDirConns", "If non-zero, when a directory server we contact "
    "supports it, we will build a one-hop circuit and make an encrypted "
    "connection via its ORPort." },
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  { "User", "On startup, setuid to this user" },

  /* ==== client options */
  { "AllowInvalidNodes", "Where on our circuits should Tor allow servers "
    "that the directory authorities haven't called \"valid\"?" },
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  { "AllowNonRFC953Hostnames", "If set to 1, we don't automatically reject "
    "hostnames for having invalid characters." },
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  /*  CircuitBuildTimeout, CircuitIdleTimeout */
  { "ClientOnly", "If set to 1, Tor will under no circumstances run as a "
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    "server, even if ORPort is enabled." },
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  { "EntryNodes", "A list of preferred entry nodes to use for the first hop "
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    "in circuits, when possible." },
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  /* { "EnforceDistinctSubnets" , "" }, */
  { "ExitNodes", "A list of preferred nodes to use for the last hop in "
    "circuits, when possible." },
  { "ExcludeNodes", "A list of nodes never to use when building a circuit." },
  { "FascistFirewall", "If set, Tor will only create outgoing connections to "
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    "servers running on the ports listed in FirewallPorts." },
  { "FirewallPorts", "A list of ports that we can connect to.  Only used "
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    "when FascistFirewall is set." },
  { "LongLivedPorts", "A list of ports for services that tend to require "
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    "high-uptime connections." },
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  { "MapAddress", "Force Tor to treat all requests for one address as if "
    "they were for another." },
  { "NewCircuitPeriod", "Force Tor to consider whether to build a new circuit "
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    "every NUM seconds." },
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  { "MaxCircuitDirtiness", "Do not attach new streams to a circuit that has "
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    "been used more than this many seconds ago." },
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  /* NatdPort, NatdListenAddress */
  { "NodeFamily", "A list of servers that constitute a 'family' and should "
    "never be used in the same circuit." },
  { "NumEntryGuards", "How many entry guards should we keep at a time?" },
  /* PathlenCoinWeight */
  { "ReachableAddresses", "Addresses we can connect to, as IP/bits:port-port. "
    "By default, we assume all addresses are reachable." },
  /* reachablediraddresses, reachableoraddresses. */
  { "RendNodes", "A list of preferred nodes to use for a rendezvous point, "
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    "when possible." },
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  { "RendExcludenodes", "A list of nodes never to use as rendezvous points." },
  /* SafeSOCKS */
  { "SOCKSPort", "The port where we listen for SOCKS connections from "
    "applications." },
  { "SOCKSListenAddress", "Bind to this address to listen to connections from "
    "SOCKS-speaking applications." },
  { "SOCKSPolicy", "Set an entry policy to limit which addresses can connect "
    "to the SOCKSPort." },
  /* SocksTimeout */
  { "StrictExitNodes", "If set, Tor will fail to operate when none of the "
    "configured ExitNodes can be used." },
  { "StrictEntryNodes", "If set, Tor will fail to operate when none of the "
    "configured EntryNodes can be used." },
  /* TestSocks */
  { "TrackHostsExit", "Hosts and domains which should, if possible, be "
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    "accessed from the same exit node each time we connect to them." },
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  { "TrackHostsExitExpire", "Time after which we forget which exit we were "
    "using to connect to hosts in TrackHostsExit." },
  /* "TransPort", "TransListenAddress */
  { "UseEntryGuards", "Set to 0 if we want to pick from the whole set of "
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    "servers for the first position in each circuit, rather than picking a "
    "set of 'Guards' to prevent profiling attacks." },
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  /* === server options */
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  { "Address", "The advertised (external) address we should use." },
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  /* Accounting* options. */
  /* AssumeReachable */
  { "ContactInfo", "Administrative contact information to advertise for this "
    "server." },
  { "ExitPolicy", "Address/port ranges for which to accept or reject outgoing "
    "connections on behalf of Tor users." },
  /*  { "ExitPolicyRejectPrivate, "" }, */
  { "MaxAdvertisedBandwidth", "If set, we will not advertise more than this "
    "amount of bandwidth for our bandwidth rate, regardless of how much "
    "bandwidth we actually detect." },
  { "MaxOnionsPending", "Reject new attempts to extend circuits when we "
    "already have this many pending." },
  { "MyFamily", "Declare a list of other servers as belonging to the same "
    "family as this one, so that clients will not use two from the same "
    "family in the same circuit." },
  { "Nickname", "Set the server nickname." },
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  { "NoPublish", "{DEPRECATED}" },
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  { "NumCPUs", "How many processes to use at once for public-key crypto." },
  { "ORPort", "Advertise this port to listen for connections from Tor clients "
    "and servers." },
  { "ORListenAddress", "Bind to this address to listen for connections from "
    "clients and servers, instead of the default 0.0.0.0:ORPort." },
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  { "PublishServerDescriptor", "Set to \"\" to keep the server from "
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    "uploading info to the directory authorities." },
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  /*{ "RedirectExit", "When an outgoing connection tries to connect to a "
   *"given address, redirect it to another address instead." },
   */
  /* ServerDNS: DetectHijacking, ResolvConfFile, SearchDomains */
  { "ShutdownWaitLength", "Wait this long for clients to finish when "
    "shutting down because of a SIGINT." },
  /* { "TestVia", } */

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  /* === directory cache options */
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  { "DirPort", "Serve directory information from this port, and act as a "
    "directory cache." },
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  { "DirListenAddress", "Bind to this address to listen for connections from "
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    "clients and servers, instead of the default 0.0.0.0:DirPort." },
  { "DirPolicy", "Set a policy to limit who can connect to the directory "
    "port" },

  /*  Authority options: AuthDirBadExit, AuthDirInvalid, AuthDirReject,
   * AuthDirRejectUnlisted, AuthDirListBadExits, AuthoritativeDirectory,
   * DirAllowPrivateAddresses, HSAuthoritativeDir,
   * NamingAuthoritativeDirectory, RecommendedVersions,
   * RecommendedClientVersions, RecommendedServerVersions, RendPostPeriod,
   * RunTesting, V1AuthoritativeDirectory, VersioningAuthoritativeDirectory, */

  /* Hidden service options: HiddenService: dir,excludenodes, nodes,
   * options, port.  PublishHidServDescriptor */

  /* Nonpersistent options: __LeaveStreamsUnattached, __AllDirActionsPrivate */
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  { NULL, NULL },
};

static config_var_description_t state_description[] = {
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  { "AccountingBytesReadInInterval",
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    "How many bytes have we read in this accounting period?" },
  { "AccountingBytesWrittenInInterval",
    "How many bytes have we written in this accounting period?" },
  { "AccountingExpectedUsage",
    "How many bytes did we expect to use per minute? (0 for no estimate.)" },
  { "AccountingIntervalStart", "When did this accounting period begin?" },
  { "AccountingSecondsActive", "How long have we been awake in this period?" },

  { "BWHistoryReadEnds", "When does the last-recorded read-interval end?" },
  { "BWHistoryReadInterval", "How long is each read-interval (in seconds)?" },
  { "BWHistoryReadValues", "Number of bytes read in each interval." },
  { "BWHistoryWriteEnds", "When does the last-recorded write-interval end?" },
  { "BWHistoryWriteInterval", "How long is each write-interval (in seconds)?"},
  { "BWHistoryWriteValues", "Number of bytes written in each interval." },

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  { "EntryGuard", "One of the nodes we have chosen as a fixed entry" },
  { "EntryGuardDownSince",
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    "The last entry guard has been unreachable since this time." },
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  { "EntryGuardUnlistedSince",
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    "The last entry guard has been unusable since this time." },
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  { "LastRotatedOnionKey",
    "The last time at which we changed the medium-term private key used for "
    "building circuits." },
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  { "LastWritten", "When was this state file last regenerated?" },

  { "TorVersion", "Which version of Tor generated this state file?" },
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  { NULL, NULL },
};

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/** Type of a callback to validate whether a given configuration is
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 * well-formed and consistent. See options_trial_assign() for documentation
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 * of arguments. */
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typedef int (*validate_fn_t)(void*,void*,int,char**);
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/** Information on the keys, value types, key-to-struct-member mappings,
 * variable descriptions, validation functions, and abbreviations for a
 * configuration or storage format. */
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typedef struct {
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  size_t size; /**< Size of the struct that everything gets parsed into. */
  uint32_t magic; /**< Required 'magic value' to make sure we have a struct
                   * of the right type. */
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  off_t magic_offset; /**< Offset of the magic value within the struct. */
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  config_abbrev_t *abbrevs; /**< List of abbreviations that we expand when
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                             * parsing this format. */
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  config_var_t *vars; /**< List of variables we recognize, their default
                       * values, and where we stick them in the structure. */
  validate_fn_t validate_fn; /**< Function to validate config. */
  /** Documentation for configuration variables. */
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  config_var_description_t *descriptions;
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  /** If present, extra is a LINELIST variable for unrecognized
   * lines.  Otherwise, unrecognized lines are an error. */
  config_var_t *extra;
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} config_format_t;

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/** Macro: assert that <b>cfg</b> has the right magic field for format
 * <b>fmt</b>. */
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#define CHECK(fmt, cfg) STMT_BEGIN                                      \
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    tor_assert(fmt && cfg);                                             \
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    tor_assert((fmt)->magic ==                                          \
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               *(uint32_t*)STRUCT_VAR_P(cfg,fmt->magic_offset));        \
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  STMT_END
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static void config_line_append(config_line_t **lst,
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                               const char *key, const char *val);
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static void option_clear(config_format_t *fmt, or_options_t *options,
                         config_var_t *var);
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static void option_reset(config_format_t *fmt, or_options_t *options,
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                         config_var_t *var, int use_defaults);
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static void config_free(config_format_t *fmt, void *options);
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static int option_is_same(config_format_t *fmt,
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                          or_options_t *o1, or_options_t *o2,
                          const char *name);
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static or_options_t *options_dup(config_format_t *fmt, or_options_t *old);
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static int options_validate(or_options_t *old_options, or_options_t *options,
                            int from_setconf, char **msg);
static int options_act_reversible(or_options_t *old_options, char **msg);
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static int options_act(or_options_t *old_options);
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static int options_transition_allowed(or_options_t *old, or_options_t *new,
                                      char **msg);
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static int options_transition_affects_workers(or_options_t *old_options,
                                              or_options_t *new_options);
static int options_transition_affects_descriptor(or_options_t *old_options,
                                                 or_options_t *new_options);
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static int check_nickname_list(const char *lst, const char *name, char **msg);
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static void config_register_addressmaps(or_options_t *options);
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static int parse_bridge_line(const char *line, int validate_only);
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static int parse_dir_server_line(const char *line, int validate_only);
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static int parse_redirect_line(smartlist_t *result,
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                               config_line_t *line, char **msg);
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static int parse_log_severity_range(const char *range, int *min_out,
                                    int *max_out);
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static int validate_data_directory(or_options_t *options);
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static int write_configuration_file(const char *fname, or_options_t *options);
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static config_line_t *get_assigned_option(config_format_t *fmt,
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                                     or_options_t *options, const char *key);
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static void config_init(config_format_t *fmt, void *options);
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static int or_state_validate(or_state_t *old_options, or_state_t *options,
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                             int from_setconf, char **msg);
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static int or_state_load(void);
static int options_init_logs(or_options_t *options, int validate_only);
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static uint64_t config_parse_memunit(const char *s, int *ok);
static int config_parse_interval(const char *s, int *ok);
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static void print_svn_version(void);
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static void init_libevent(void);
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static int opt_streq(const char *s1, const char *s2);
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/** Versions of libevent. */
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typedef enum {
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  /* Note: we compare these, so it's important that "old" precede everything,
   * and that "other" come last. */
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  LE_OLD=0, LE_10C, LE_10D, LE_10E, LE_11, LE_11A, LE_11B, LE_12, LE_12A,
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  LE_13, LE_13A, LE_13B, LE_13C, LE_13D,
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  LE_OTHER
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} le_version_t;
static le_version_t decode_libevent_version(void);
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#if defined(HAVE_EVENT_GET_VERSION) && defined(HAVE_EVENT_GET_METHOD)
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static void check_libevent_version(const char *m, int server);
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#endif
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/** Magic value for or_options_t. */
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#define OR_OPTIONS_MAGIC 9090909

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/** Configuration format for or_options_t. */
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static config_format_t options_format = {
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  sizeof(or_options_t),
  OR_OPTIONS_MAGIC,
  STRUCT_OFFSET(or_options_t, _magic),
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  _option_abbrevs,
  _option_vars,
  (validate_fn_t)options_validate,
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  options_description,
  NULL
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};

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/** Magic value for or_state_t. */
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#define OR_STATE_MAGIC 0x57A73f57

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/** "Extra" variable in the state that receives lines we can't parse. This
 * lets us preserve options from versions of Tor newer than us. */
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static config_var_t state_extra_var = {
  "__extra", CONFIG_TYPE_LINELIST, STRUCT_OFFSET(or_state_t, ExtraLines), NULL
};

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/** Configuration format for or_state_t. */
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static config_format_t state_format = {
  sizeof(or_state_t),
  OR_STATE_MAGIC,
  STRUCT_OFFSET(or_state_t, _magic),
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  _state_abbrevs,
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  _state_vars,
  (validate_fn_t)or_state_validate,
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  state_description,
  &state_extra_var,
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};

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/*
 * Functions to read and write the global options pointer.
 */

/** Command-line and config-file options. */
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static or_options_t *global_options = NULL;
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/** Name of most recently read torrc file. */
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static char *torrc_fname = NULL;
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/** Persistent serialized state. */
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static or_state_t *global_state = NULL;
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/** Allocate an empty configuration object of a given format type. */
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static void *
config_alloc(config_format_t *fmt)
{
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  void *opts = tor_malloc_zero(fmt->size);
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  *(uint32_t*)STRUCT_VAR_P(opts, fmt->magic_offset) = fmt->magic;
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  CHECK(fmt, opts);
  return opts;
}

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/** Return the currently configured options. */
or_options_t *
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get_options(void)
{
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  tor_assert(global_options);
  return global_options;
}
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/** Change the current global options to contain <b>new_val</b> instead of
 * their current value; take action based on the new value; free the old value
 * as necessary.
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 */
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int
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set_options(or_options_t *new_val, char **msg)
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{
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  or_options_t *old_options = global_options;
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  global_options = new_val;
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  /* Note that we pass the *old* options below, for comparison. It
   * pulls the new options directly out of global_options. */
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  if (options_act_reversible(old_options, msg)<0) {
    tor_assert(*msg);
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    global_options = old_options;
    return -1;
  }
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  if (options_act(old_options) < 0) { /* acting on the options failed. die. */
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    log_err(LD_BUG,
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            "Acting on config options left us in a broken state. Dying.");
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    exit(1);
  }
  if (old_options)
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    config_free(&options_format, old_options);
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  return 0;
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}

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extern const char tor_svn_revision[]; /* from tor_main.c */
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static char *_version = NULL;

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/** Return the current Tor version, possibly */
const char *
get_version(void)
{
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  if (_version == NULL) {
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    if (strlen(tor_svn_revision)) {
      size_t len = strlen(VERSION)+strlen(tor_svn_revision)+8;
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      _version = tor_malloc(len);
      tor_snprintf(_version, len, "%s (r%s)", VERSION, tor_svn_revision);
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    } else {
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      _version = tor_strdup(VERSION);
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    }
  }
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  return _version;
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}

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/** Release all memory and resources held by global configuration structures.
 */
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void
config_free_all(void)
{
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  if (global_options) {
    config_free(&options_format, global_options);
    global_options = NULL;
  }
  if (global_state) {
    config_free(&state_format, global_state);
    global_state = NULL;
  }
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  tor_free(torrc_fname);
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  tor_free(_version);
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}

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/** If options->SafeLogging is on, return a not very useful string,
 * else return address.
 */
const char *
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safe_str(const char *address)
{
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  tor_assert(address);
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  if (get_options()->SafeLogging)
    return "[scrubbed]";
  else
    return address;
}

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/** Equivalent to escaped(safe_str(address)).  See reentrancy note on
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 * escaped(): don't use this outside the main thread, or twice in the same
 * log statement. */
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const char *
escaped_safe_str(const char *address)
{
  if (get_options()->SafeLogging)
    return "[scrubbed]";
  else
    return escaped(address);
}

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/** Add the default directory servers directly into the trusted dir list. */
static void
add_default_trusted_dirservers(void)
{
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  int i;
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  const char *dirservers[] = {
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    "moria1 v1 orport=9001 v3ident=5420FD8EA46BD4290F1D07A1883C9D85ECC486C4 "
      "128.31.0.34:9031 FFCB 46DB 1339 DA84 674C 70D7 CB58 6434 C437 0441",
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    "moria2 v1 orport=9002 128.31.0.34:9032 "
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      "719B E45D E224 B607 C537 07D0 E214 3E2D 423E 74CF",
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    "tor26 v1 orport=443 v3ident=A9AC67E64B200BBF2FA26DF194AC0469E2A948C6 "
      "86.59.21.38:80 847B 1F85 0344 D787 6491 A548 92F9 0493 4E4E B85D",
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    "lefkada orport=443 140.247.60.64:80 "
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      "38D4 F5FC F7B1 0232 28B8 95EA 56ED E7D5 CCDC AF32",
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    "dizum 194.109.206.212:80 "
      "7EA6 EAD6 FD83 083C 538F 4403 8BBF A077 587D D755",
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    "Tonga orport=443 bridge no-v2 82.94.251.206:80 "
      "4A0C CD2D DC79 9508 3D73 F5D6 6710 0C8A 5831 F16D",
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    NULL
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  };
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  for (i=0; dirservers[i]; i++)
    parse_dir_server_line(dirservers[i], 0);
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}

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/** Fetch the active option list, and take actions based on it. All of the
 * things we do should survive being done repeatedly.  If present,
 * <b>old_options</b> contains the previous value of the options.
 *
 * Return 0 if all goes well, return -1 if things went badly.
 */
static int
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options_act_reversible(or_options_t *old_options, char **msg)
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{
  smartlist_t *new_listeners = smartlist_create();
  smartlist_t *replaced_listeners = smartlist_create();
  static int libevent_initialized = 0;
  or_options_t *options = get_options();
  int running_tor = options->command == CMD_RUN_TOR;
  int set_conn_limit = 0;
  int r = -1;
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  int logs_marked = 0;
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  /* Daemonize _first_, since we only want to open most of this stuff in
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   * the subprocess.  Libevent bases can't be reliably inherited across
   * processes. */
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  if (running_tor && options->RunAsDaemon) {
    /* No need to roll back, since you can't change the value. */
    start_daemon();
  }

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#ifndef HAVE_SYS_UN_H
  if (options->ControlSocket) {
    *msg = tor_strdup("Unix domain sockets (ControlSocket) not supported"
                      " on this OS/with this build.");
    goto rollback;
  }
#endif

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  if (running_tor) {
    /* We need to set the connection limit before we can open the listeners. */
    options->_ConnLimit =
      set_max_file_descriptors((unsigned)options->ConnLimit, MAXCONNECTIONS);
    if (options->_ConnLimit < 0) {
      *msg = tor_strdup("Problem with ConnLimit value. See logs for details.");
      goto rollback;
    }
    set_conn_limit = 1;
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    /* Set up libevent.  (We need to do this before we can register the
     * listeners as listeners.) */
    if (running_tor && !libevent_initialized) {
      init_libevent();
      libevent_initialized = 1;
    }
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    /* Launch the listeners.  (We do this before we setuid, so we can bind to
     * ports under 1024.) */
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    if (retry_all_listeners(replaced_listeners, new_listeners) < 0) {
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      *msg = tor_strdup("Failed to bind one of the listener ports.");
      goto rollback;
    }
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  }

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  /* Setuid/setgid as appropriate */
  if (options->User || options->Group) {
    if (switch_id(options->User, options->Group) != 0) {
      /* No need to roll back, since you can't change the value. */
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      *msg = tor_strdup("Problem with User or Group value. "
                        "See logs for details.");
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      goto done;
    }
  }

  /* Ensure data directory is private; create if possible. */
  if (check_private_dir(options->DataDirectory, CPD_CREATE)<0) {
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    char buf[1024];
    int tmp = tor_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
              "Couldn't access/create private data directory \"%s\"",
              options->DataDirectory);
    *msg = tor_strdup(tmp >= 0 ? buf : "internal error");
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    goto done;
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    /* No need to roll back, since you can't change the value. */
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  }

  /* Bail out at this point if we're not going to be a client or server:
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   * we don't run Tor itself. */
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  if (!running_tor)
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    goto commit;

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  mark_logs_temp(); /* Close current logs once new logs are open. */
  logs_marked = 1;
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  if (options_init_logs(options, 0)<0) { /* Configure the log(s) */
    *msg = tor_strdup("Failed to init Log options. See logs for details.");
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    goto rollback;
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  }
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 commit:
  r = 0;
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  if (logs_marked) {
    close_temp_logs();
    add_callback_log(LOG_ERR, LOG_ERR, control_event_logmsg);
    control_adjust_event_log_severity();
  }
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  SMARTLIST_FOREACH(replaced_listeners, connection_t *, conn,
  {
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    log_notice(LD_NET, "Closing old %s on %s:%d",
               conn_type_to_string(conn->type), conn->address, conn->port);
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    connection_close_immediate(conn);
    connection_mark_for_close(conn);
  });
  goto done;

 rollback:
  r = -1;
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  tor_assert(*msg);
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  if (logs_marked) {
    rollback_log_changes();
    control_adjust_event_log_severity();
  }

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  if (set_conn_limit && old_options)
    set_max_file_descriptors((unsigned)old_options->ConnLimit,MAXCONNECTIONS);

  SMARTLIST_FOREACH(new_listeners, connection_t *, conn,
  {
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    log_notice(LD_NET, "Closing partially-constructed listener %s on %s:%d",
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               conn_type_to_string(conn->type), conn->address, conn->port);
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    connection_close_immediate(conn);
    connection_mark_for_close(conn);
  });

 done:
  smartlist_free(new_listeners);
  smartlist_free(replaced_listeners);
  return r;
}

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/** Fetch the active option list, and take actions based on it. All of the
 * things we do should survive being done repeatedly.  If present,
 * <b>old_options</b> contains the previous value of the options.
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 *
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 * Return 0 if all goes well, return -1 if it's time to die.
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 *
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 * Note: We haven't moved all the "act on new configuration" logic
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 * here yet.  Some is still in do_hup() and other places.
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 */
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static int
options_act(or_options_t *old_options)
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{
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  config_line_t *cl;
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  char *fn;
  size_t len;
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  or_options_t *options = get_options();
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  int running_tor = options->command == CMD_RUN_TOR;
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  char *msg;
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  if (options->DirServers) {
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    clear_trusted_dir_servers();
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    for (cl = options->DirServers; cl; cl = cl->next) {
      if (parse_dir_server_line(cl->value, 0)<0) {
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        log_warn(LD_BUG,
                 "Previously validated DirServer line could not be added!");
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        return -1;
      }
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    }
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  } else {
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    if (!smartlist_len(router_get_trusted_dir_servers()))
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      add_default_trusted_dirservers();
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  }

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  clear_bridge_list();
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  if (options->Bridges) {
    for (cl = options->Bridges; cl; cl = cl->next) {
      if (parse_bridge_line(cl->value, 0)<0) {
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        log_warn(LD_BUG,
                 "Previously validated Bridge line could not be added!");
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        return -1;
      }
    }
  }

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  if (running_tor && rend_config_services(options, 0)<0) {
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    log_warn(LD_BUG,
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       "Previously validated hidden services line could not be added!");
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    return -1;
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  }
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