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/* Copyright (c) 2001 Matej Pfajfar.
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 * Copyright (c) 2001-2004, Roger Dingledine.
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 * Copyright (c) 2004-2006, Roger Dingledine, Nick Mathewson.
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 * Copyright (c) 2007-2017, The Tor Project, Inc. */
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/* See LICENSE for licensing information */
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/**
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 * \file config.c
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 * \brief Code to interpret the user's configuration of Tor.
 *
 * This module handles torrc configuration file, including parsing it,
 * combining it with torrc.defaults and the command line, allowing
 * user changes to it (via editing and SIGHUP or via the control port),
 * writing it back to disk (because of SAVECONF from the control port),
 * and -- most importantly, acting on it.
 *
 * The module additionally has some tools for manipulating and
 * inspecting values that are calculated as a result of the
 * configured options.
 *
 * <h3>How to add  new options</h3>
 *
 * To add new items to the torrc, there are a minimum of three places to edit:
 * <ul>
 *   <li>The or_options_t structure in or.h, where the options are stored.
 *   <li>The option_vars_ array below in this module, which configures
 *       the names of the torrc options, their types, their multiplicities,
 *       and their mappings to fields in or_options_t.
 *   <li>The manual in doc/tor.1.txt, to document what the new option
 *       is, and how it works.
 * </ul>
 *
 * Additionally, you might need to edit these places too:
 * <ul>
 *   <li>options_validate() below, in case you want to reject some possible
 *       values of the new configuration option.
 *   <li>options_transition_allowed() below, in case you need to
 *       forbid some or all changes in the option while Tor is
 *       running.
 *   <li>options_transition_affects_workers(), in case changes in the option
 *       might require Tor to relaunch or reconfigure its worker threads.
 *   <li>options_transition_affects_descriptor(), in case changes in the
 *       option might require a Tor relay to build and publish a new server
 *       descriptor.
 *   <li>options_act() and/or options_act_reversible(), in case there's some
 *       action that needs to be taken immediately based on the option's
 *       value.
 * </ul>
 *
 * <h3>Changing the value of an option</h3>
 *
 * Because of the SAVECONF command from the control port, it's a bad
 * idea to change the value of any user-configured option in the
 * or_options_t.  If you want to sometimes do this anyway, we recommend
 * that you create a secondary field in or_options_t; that you have the
 * user option linked only to the secondary field; that you use the
 * secondary field to initialize the one that Tor actually looks at; and that
 * you use the one Tor looks as the one that you modify.
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 **/

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#define CONFIG_PRIVATE
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#include "or.h"
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#include "bridges.h"
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#include "compat.h"
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#include "addressmap.h"
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#include "channel.h"
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#include "circuitbuild.h"
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#include "circuitlist.h"
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#include "circuitmux.h"
#include "circuitmux_ewma.h"
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#include "circuitstats.h"
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#include "compress.h"
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#include "config.h"
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#include "connection.h"
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#include "connection_edge.h"
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#include "connection_or.h"
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#include "consdiffmgr.h"
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#include "control.h"
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#include "confparse.h"
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#include "cpuworker.h"
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#include "dirserv.h"
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#include "dirvote.h"
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#include "dns.h"
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#include "entrynodes.h"
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#include "geoip.h"
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#include "hibernate.h"
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#include "main.h"
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#include "networkstatus.h"
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#include "nodelist.h"
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#include "policies.h"
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#include "relay.h"
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#include "rendclient.h"
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#include "rendservice.h"
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#include "rephist.h"
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#include "router.h"
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#include "sandbox.h"
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#include "util.h"
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#include "routerlist.h"
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#include "routerset.h"
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#include "scheduler.h"
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#include "statefile.h"
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#include "transports.h"
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#include "ext_orport.h"
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#ifdef _WIN32
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#include <shlobj.h>
#endif
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#include "procmon.h"

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#ifdef HAVE_SYSTEMD
#   if defined(__COVERITY__) && !defined(__INCLUDE_LEVEL__)
/* Systemd's use of gcc's __INCLUDE_LEVEL__ extension macro appears to confuse
 * Coverity. Here's a kludge to unconfuse it.
 */
#   define __INCLUDE_LEVEL__ 2
#   endif
#include <systemd/sd-daemon.h>
#endif

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/* Prefix used to indicate a Unix socket in a FooPort configuration. */
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static const char unix_socket_prefix[] = "unix:";
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/* Prefix used to indicate a Unix socket with spaces in it, in a FooPort
 * configuration. */
static const char unix_q_socket_prefix[] = "unix:\"";
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/** A list of abbreviations and aliases to map command-line options, obsolete
 * option names, or alternative option names, to their current values. */
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static config_abbrev_t option_abbrevs_[] = {
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  PLURAL(AuthDirBadDirCC),
  PLURAL(AuthDirBadExitCC),
  PLURAL(AuthDirInvalidCC),
  PLURAL(AuthDirRejectCC),
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  PLURAL(EntryNode),
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  PLURAL(ExcludeNode),
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  PLURAL(Tor2webRendezvousPoint),
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  PLURAL(FirewallPort),
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  PLURAL(LongLivedPort),
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  PLURAL(HiddenServiceNode),
  PLURAL(HiddenServiceExcludeNode),
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  PLURAL(NumCPU),
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  PLURAL(RendNode),
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  PLURAL(RecommendedPackage),
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  PLURAL(RendExcludeNode),
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  PLURAL(StrictEntryNode),
  PLURAL(StrictExitNode),
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  PLURAL(StrictNode),
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  { "l", "Log", 1, 0},
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  { "AllowUnverifiedNodes", "AllowInvalidNodes", 0, 0},
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  { "AutomapHostSuffixes", "AutomapHostsSuffixes", 0, 0},
  { "AutomapHostOnResolve", "AutomapHostsOnResolve", 0, 0},
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  { "BandwidthRateBytes", "BandwidthRate", 0, 0},
  { "BandwidthBurstBytes", "BandwidthBurst", 0, 0},
  { "DirFetchPostPeriod", "StatusFetchPeriod", 0, 0},
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  { "DirServer", "DirAuthority", 0, 0}, /* XXXX later, make this warn? */
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  { "MaxConn", "ConnLimit", 0, 1},
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  { "MaxMemInCellQueues", "MaxMemInQueues", 0, 0},
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  { "ORBindAddress", "ORListenAddress", 0, 0},
  { "DirBindAddress", "DirListenAddress", 0, 0},
  { "SocksBindAddress", "SocksListenAddress", 0, 0},
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  { "UseHelperNodes", "UseEntryGuards", 0, 0},
  { "NumHelperNodes", "NumEntryGuards", 0, 0},
  { "UseEntryNodes", "UseEntryGuards", 0, 0},
  { "NumEntryNodes", "NumEntryGuards", 0, 0},
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  { "ResolvConf", "ServerDNSResolvConfFile", 0, 1},
  { "SearchDomains", "ServerDNSSearchDomains", 0, 1},
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  { "ServerDNSAllowBrokenResolvConf", "ServerDNSAllowBrokenConfig", 0, 0},
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  { "PreferTunnelledDirConns", "PreferTunneledDirConns", 0, 0},
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  { "BridgeAuthoritativeDirectory", "BridgeAuthoritativeDir", 0, 0},
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  { "HashedControlPassword", "__HashedControlSessionPassword", 1, 0},
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  { "VirtualAddrNetwork", "VirtualAddrNetworkIPv4", 0, 0},
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  { NULL, NULL, 0, 0},
};
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/** An entry for config_vars: "The option <b>name</b> has type
 * CONFIG_TYPE_<b>conftype</b>, and corresponds to
 * or_options_t.<b>member</b>"
 */
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#define VAR(name,conftype,member,initvalue)                             \
  { name, CONFIG_TYPE_ ## conftype, STRUCT_OFFSET(or_options_t, member), \
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      initvalue }
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/** As VAR, but the option name and member name are the same. */
#define V(member,conftype,initvalue)                                    \
  VAR(#member, conftype, member, initvalue)
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/** An entry for config_vars: "The option <b>name</b> is obsolete." */
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#define OBSOLETE(name) { name, CONFIG_TYPE_OBSOLETE, 0, NULL }
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/**
 * Macro to declare *Port options.  Each one comes in three entries.
 * For example, most users should use "SocksPort" to configure the
 * socks port, but TorBrowser wants to use __SocksPort so that it
 * isn't stored by SAVECONF.  The SocksPortLines virtual option is
 * used to query both options from the controller.
 */
#define VPORT(member)                                           \
  VAR(#member "Lines", LINELIST_V, member ## _lines, NULL),     \
  VAR(#member, LINELIST_S, member ## _lines, NULL),             \
  VAR("__" #member, LINELIST_S, member ## _lines, NULL)
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/** Array of configuration options.  Until we disallow nonstandard
 * abbreviations, order is significant, since the first matching option will
 * be chosen first.
 */
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static config_var_t option_vars_[] = {
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  V(AccountingMax,               MEMUNIT,  "0 bytes"),
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  VAR("AccountingRule",          STRING,   AccountingRule_option,  "max"),
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  V(AccountingStart,             STRING,   NULL),
  V(Address,                     STRING,   NULL),
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  V(AllowDotExit,                BOOL,     "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("AllowInvalidNodes"),
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  V(AllowNonRFC953Hostnames,     BOOL,     "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("AllowSingleHopCircuits"),
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  OBSOLETE("AllowSingleHopExits"),
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  V(AlternateBridgeAuthority,    LINELIST, NULL),
  V(AlternateDirAuthority,       LINELIST, NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("AlternateHSAuthority"),
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  V(AssumeReachable,             BOOL,     "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("AuthDirBadDir"),
  OBSOLETE("AuthDirBadDirCCs"),
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  V(AuthDirBadExit,              LINELIST, NULL),
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  V(AuthDirBadExitCCs,           CSV,      ""),
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  V(AuthDirInvalid,              LINELIST, NULL),
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  V(AuthDirInvalidCCs,           CSV,      ""),
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  V(AuthDirFastGuarantee,        MEMUNIT,  "100 KB"),
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  V(AuthDirGuardBWGuarantee,     MEMUNIT,  "2 MB"),
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  V(AuthDirPinKeys,              BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(AuthDirReject,               LINELIST, NULL),
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  V(AuthDirRejectCCs,            CSV,      ""),
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  OBSOLETE("AuthDirRejectUnlisted"),
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  OBSOLETE("AuthDirListBadDirs"),
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  V(AuthDirListBadExits,         BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(AuthDirMaxServersPerAddr,    UINT,     "2"),
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  OBSOLETE("AuthDirMaxServersPerAuthAddr"),
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  V(AuthDirHasIPv6Connectivity,  BOOL,     "0"),
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  VAR("AuthoritativeDirectory",  BOOL, AuthoritativeDir,    "0"),
  V(AutomapHostsOnResolve,       BOOL,     "0"),
  V(AutomapHostsSuffixes,        CSV,      ".onion,.exit"),
  V(AvoidDiskWrites,             BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(BandwidthBurst,              MEMUNIT,  "1 GB"),
  V(BandwidthRate,               MEMUNIT,  "1 GB"),
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  V(BridgeAuthoritativeDir,      BOOL,     "0"),
  VAR("Bridge",                  LINELIST, Bridges,    NULL),
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  V(BridgePassword,              STRING,   NULL),
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  V(BridgeRecordUsageByCountry,  BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(BridgeRelay,                 BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(CellStatistics,              BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(PaddingStatistics,           BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(LearnCircuitBuildTimeout,    BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(CircuitBuildTimeout,         INTERVAL, "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("CircuitIdleTimeout"),
  V(CircuitsAvailableTimeout,    INTERVAL, "0"),
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  V(CircuitStreamTimeout,        INTERVAL, "0"),
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  V(CircuitPriorityHalflife,     DOUBLE,  "-100.0"), /*negative:'Use default'*/
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  V(ClientDNSRejectInternalAddresses, BOOL,"1"),
  V(ClientOnly,                  BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(ClientPreferIPv6ORPort,      AUTOBOOL, "auto"),
  V(ClientPreferIPv6DirPort,     AUTOBOOL, "auto"),
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  V(ClientRejectInternalAddresses, BOOL,   "1"),
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  V(ClientTransportPlugin,       LINELIST, NULL),
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  V(ClientUseIPv6,               BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(ClientUseIPv4,               BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(ConsensusParams,             STRING,   NULL),
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  V(ConnLimit,                   UINT,     "1000"),
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  V(ConnDirectionStatistics,     BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(ConstrainedSockets,          BOOL,     "0"),
  V(ConstrainedSockSize,         MEMUNIT,  "8192"),
  V(ContactInfo,                 STRING,   NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("ControlListenAddress"),
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  VPORT(ControlPort),
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  V(ControlPortFileGroupReadable,BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(ControlPortWriteToFile,      FILENAME, NULL),
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  V(ControlSocket,               LINELIST, NULL),
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  V(ControlSocketsGroupWritable, BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(SocksSocketsGroupWritable,   BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(CookieAuthentication,        BOOL,     "0"),
  V(CookieAuthFileGroupReadable, BOOL,     "0"),
  V(CookieAuthFile,              STRING,   NULL),
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  V(CountPrivateBandwidth,       BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(DataDirectory,               FILENAME, NULL),
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  V(DataDirectoryGroupReadable,  BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(DisableOOSCheck,             BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(DisableNetwork,              BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(DirAllowPrivateAddresses,    BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(TestingAuthDirTimeToLearnReachability, INTERVAL, "30 minutes"),
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  OBSOLETE("DirListenAddress"),
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  V(DirPolicy,                   LINELIST, NULL),
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  VPORT(DirPort),
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  V(DirPortFrontPage,            FILENAME, NULL),
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  VAR("DirReqStatistics",        BOOL,     DirReqStatistics_option, "1"),
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  VAR("DirAuthority",            LINELIST, DirAuthorities, NULL),
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  V(DirCache,                    BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(DirAuthorityFallbackRate,    DOUBLE,   "1.0"),
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  V(DisableAllSwap,              BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(DisableDebuggerAttachment,   BOOL,     "1"),
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  OBSOLETE("DisableIOCP"),
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  OBSOLETE("DisableV2DirectoryInfo_"),
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  OBSOLETE("DynamicDHGroups"),
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  VPORT(DNSPort),
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  OBSOLETE("DNSListenAddress"),
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  V(DownloadExtraInfo,           BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(TestingEnableConnBwEvent,    BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(TestingEnableCellStatsEvent, BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(TestingEnableTbEmptyEvent,   BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(EnforceDistinctSubnets,      BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(EntryNodes,                  ROUTERSET,   NULL),
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  V(EntryStatistics,             BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(TestingEstimatedDescriptorPropagationTime, INTERVAL, "10 minutes"),
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  V(ExcludeNodes,                ROUTERSET, NULL),
  V(ExcludeExitNodes,            ROUTERSET, NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("ExcludeSingleHopRelays"),
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  V(ExitNodes,                   ROUTERSET, NULL),
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  V(ExitPolicy,                  LINELIST, NULL),
  V(ExitPolicyRejectPrivate,     BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(ExitPolicyRejectLocalInterfaces, BOOL, "0"),
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  V(ExitPortStatistics,          BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(ExtendAllowPrivateAddresses, BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(ExitRelay,                   AUTOBOOL, "auto"),
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  VPORT(ExtORPort),
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  V(ExtORPortCookieAuthFile,     STRING,   NULL),
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  V(ExtORPortCookieAuthFileGroupReadable, BOOL, "0"),
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  V(ExtraInfoStatistics,         BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(ExtendByEd25519ID,           AUTOBOOL, "auto"),
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  V(FallbackDir,                 LINELIST, NULL),
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  V(UseDefaultFallbackDirs,      BOOL,     "1"),
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  OBSOLETE("FallbackNetworkstatusFile"),
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  V(FascistFirewall,             BOOL,     "0"),
  V(FirewallPorts,               CSV,      ""),
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  OBSOLETE("FastFirstHopPK"),
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  V(FetchDirInfoEarly,           BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(FetchDirInfoExtraEarly,      BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(FetchServerDescriptors,      BOOL,     "1"),
  V(FetchHidServDescriptors,     BOOL,     "1"),
  V(FetchUselessDescriptors,     BOOL,     "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("FetchV2Networkstatus"),
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  V(GeoIPExcludeUnknown,         AUTOBOOL, "auto"),
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#ifdef _WIN32
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  V(GeoIPFile,                   FILENAME, "<default>"),
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  V(GeoIPv6File,                 FILENAME, "<default>"),
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#else
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  V(GeoIPFile,                   FILENAME,
    SHARE_DATADIR PATH_SEPARATOR "tor" PATH_SEPARATOR "geoip"),
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  V(GeoIPv6File,                 FILENAME,
    SHARE_DATADIR PATH_SEPARATOR "tor" PATH_SEPARATOR "geoip6"),
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#endif
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  OBSOLETE("Group"),
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  V(GuardLifetime,               INTERVAL, "0 minutes"),
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  V(HardwareAccel,               BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(HeartbeatPeriod,             INTERVAL, "6 hours"),
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  V(AccelName,                   STRING,   NULL),
  V(AccelDir,                    FILENAME, NULL),
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  V(HashedControlPassword,       LINELIST, NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("HidServDirectoryV2"),
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  VAR("HiddenServiceDir",    LINELIST_S, RendConfigLines,    NULL),
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  VAR("HiddenServiceDirGroupReadable",  LINELIST_S, RendConfigLines, NULL),
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  VAR("HiddenServiceOptions",LINELIST_V, RendConfigLines,    NULL),
  VAR("HiddenServicePort",   LINELIST_S, RendConfigLines,    NULL),
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  VAR("HiddenServiceVersion",LINELIST_S, RendConfigLines,    NULL),
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  VAR("HiddenServiceAuthorizeClient",LINELIST_S,RendConfigLines, NULL),
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  VAR("HiddenServiceAllowUnknownPorts",LINELIST_S, RendConfigLines, NULL),
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  VAR("HiddenServiceMaxStreams",LINELIST_S, RendConfigLines, NULL),
  VAR("HiddenServiceMaxStreamsCloseCircuit",LINELIST_S, RendConfigLines, NULL),
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  VAR("HiddenServiceNumIntroductionPoints", LINELIST_S, RendConfigLines, NULL),
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  VAR("HiddenServiceStatistics", BOOL, HiddenServiceStatistics_option, "1"),
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  V(HidServAuth,                 LINELIST, NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("CloseHSClientCircuitsImmediatelyOnTimeout"),
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  OBSOLETE("CloseHSServiceRendCircuitsImmediatelyOnTimeout"),
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  V(HiddenServiceSingleHopMode,  BOOL,     "0"),
  V(HiddenServiceNonAnonymousMode,BOOL,    "0"),
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  V(HTTPProxy,                   STRING,   NULL),
  V(HTTPProxyAuthenticator,      STRING,   NULL),
  V(HTTPSProxy,                  STRING,   NULL),
  V(HTTPSProxyAuthenticator,     STRING,   NULL),
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  V(IPv6Exit,                    BOOL,     "0"),
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  VAR("ServerTransportPlugin",   LINELIST, ServerTransportPlugin,  NULL),
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  V(ServerTransportListenAddr,   LINELIST, NULL),
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  V(ServerTransportOptions,      LINELIST, NULL),
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  V(SigningKeyLifetime,          INTERVAL, "30 days"),
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  V(Socks4Proxy,                 STRING,   NULL),
  V(Socks5Proxy,                 STRING,   NULL),
  V(Socks5ProxyUsername,         STRING,   NULL),
  V(Socks5ProxyPassword,         STRING,   NULL),
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  V(KeepalivePeriod,             INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
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  V(KeepBindCapabilities,            AUTOBOOL, "auto"),
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  VAR("Log",                     LINELIST, Logs,             NULL),
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  V(LogMessageDomains,           BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(LogTimeGranularity,          MSEC_INTERVAL, "1 second"),
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  V(TruncateLogFile,             BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(SyslogIdentityTag,           STRING,   NULL),
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  V(LongLivedPorts,              CSV,
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        "21,22,706,1863,5050,5190,5222,5223,6523,6667,6697,8300"),
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  VAR("MapAddress",              LINELIST, AddressMap,           NULL),
  V(MaxAdvertisedBandwidth,      MEMUNIT,  "1 GB"),
  V(MaxCircuitDirtiness,         INTERVAL, "10 minutes"),
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  V(MaxClientCircuitsPending,    UINT,     "32"),
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  VAR("MaxMemInQueues",          MEMUNIT,   MaxMemInQueues_raw, "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("MaxOnionsPending"),
  V(MaxOnionQueueDelay,          MSEC_INTERVAL, "1750 msec"),
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  V(MaxUnparseableDescSizeToLog, MEMUNIT, "10 MB"),
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  V(MinMeasuredBWsForAuthToIgnoreAdvertised, INT, "500"),
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  VAR("MyFamily",                LINELIST, MyFamily_lines,       NULL),
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  V(NewCircuitPeriod,            INTERVAL, "30 seconds"),
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  OBSOLETE("NamingAuthoritativeDirectory"),
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  OBSOLETE("NATDListenAddress"),
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  VPORT(NATDPort),
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  V(Nickname,                    STRING,   NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("PredictedPortsRelevanceTime"),
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  OBSOLETE("WarnUnsafeSocks"),
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  VAR("NodeFamily",              LINELIST, NodeFamilies,         NULL),
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  V(NumCPUs,                     UINT,     "0"),
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  V(NumDirectoryGuards,          UINT,     "0"),
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  V(NumEntryGuards,              UINT,     "0"),
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  V(OfflineMasterKey,            BOOL,     "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("ORListenAddress"),
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  VPORT(ORPort),
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  V(OutboundBindAddress,         LINELIST,   NULL),
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  V(OutboundBindAddressOR,       LINELIST,   NULL),
  V(OutboundBindAddressExit,     LINELIST,   NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("PathBiasDisableRate"),
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  V(PathBiasCircThreshold,       INT,      "-1"),
  V(PathBiasNoticeRate,          DOUBLE,   "-1"),
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  V(PathBiasWarnRate,            DOUBLE,   "-1"),
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  V(PathBiasExtremeRate,         DOUBLE,   "-1"),
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  V(PathBiasScaleThreshold,      INT,      "-1"),
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  OBSOLETE("PathBiasScaleFactor"),
  OBSOLETE("PathBiasMultFactor"),
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  V(PathBiasDropGuards,          AUTOBOOL, "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("PathBiasUseCloseCounts"),

  V(PathBiasUseThreshold,       INT,      "-1"),
  V(PathBiasNoticeUseRate,          DOUBLE,   "-1"),
  V(PathBiasExtremeUseRate,         DOUBLE,   "-1"),
  V(PathBiasScaleUseThreshold,      INT,      "-1"),
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  V(PathsNeededToBuildCircuits,  DOUBLE,   "-1"),
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  V(PerConnBWBurst,              MEMUNIT,  "0"),
  V(PerConnBWRate,               MEMUNIT,  "0"),
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  V(PidFile,                     STRING,   NULL),
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  V(TestingTorNetwork,           BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(TestingMinExitFlagThreshold, MEMUNIT,  "0"),
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  V(TestingMinFastFlagThreshold, MEMUNIT,  "0"),
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  V(TestingLinkCertLifetime,          INTERVAL, "2 days"),
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  V(TestingAuthKeyLifetime,          INTERVAL, "2 days"),
  V(TestingLinkKeySlop,              INTERVAL, "3 hours"),
  V(TestingAuthKeySlop,              INTERVAL, "3 hours"),
  V(TestingSigningKeySlop,           INTERVAL, "1 day"),

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  V(OptimisticData,              AUTOBOOL, "auto"),
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  V(PortForwarding,              BOOL,     "0"),
  V(PortForwardingHelper,        FILENAME, "tor-fw-helper"),
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  OBSOLETE("PreferTunneledDirConns"),
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  V(ProtocolWarnings,            BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(PublishServerDescriptor,     CSV,      "1"),
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  V(PublishHidServDescriptors,   BOOL,     "1"),
  V(ReachableAddresses,          LINELIST, NULL),
  V(ReachableDirAddresses,       LINELIST, NULL),
  V(ReachableORAddresses,        LINELIST, NULL),
  V(RecommendedVersions,         LINELIST, NULL),
  V(RecommendedClientVersions,   LINELIST, NULL),
  V(RecommendedServerVersions,   LINELIST, NULL),
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  V(RecommendedPackages,         LINELIST, NULL),
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  V(ReducedConnectionPadding,    BOOL,     "0"),
  V(ConnectionPadding,           AUTOBOOL, "auto"),
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  V(RefuseUnknownExits,          AUTOBOOL, "auto"),
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  V(RejectPlaintextPorts,        CSV,      ""),
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  V(RelayBandwidthBurst,         MEMUNIT,  "0"),
  V(RelayBandwidthRate,          MEMUNIT,  "0"),
  V(RendPostPeriod,              INTERVAL, "1 hour"),
  V(RephistTrackTime,            INTERVAL, "24 hours"),
  V(RunAsDaemon,                 BOOL,     "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("RunTesting"), // currently unused
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  V(Sandbox,                     BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(SafeLogging,                 STRING,   "1"),
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  V(SafeSocks,                   BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(ServerDNSAllowBrokenConfig,  BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(ServerDNSAllowNonRFC953Hostnames, BOOL,"0"),
  V(ServerDNSDetectHijacking,    BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(ServerDNSRandomizeCase,      BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(ServerDNSResolvConfFile,     STRING,   NULL),
  V(ServerDNSSearchDomains,      BOOL,     "0"),
  V(ServerDNSTestAddresses,      CSV,
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      "www.google.com,www.mit.edu,www.yahoo.com,www.slashdot.org"),
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  V(SchedulerLowWaterMark__,     MEMUNIT,  "100 MB"),
  V(SchedulerHighWaterMark__,    MEMUNIT,  "101 MB"),
  V(SchedulerMaxFlushCells__,    UINT,     "1000"),
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  V(ShutdownWaitLength,          INTERVAL, "30 seconds"),
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  OBSOLETE("SocksListenAddress"),
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  V(SocksPolicy,                 LINELIST, NULL),
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  VPORT(SocksPort),
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  V(SocksTimeout,                INTERVAL, "2 minutes"),
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  V(SSLKeyLifetime,              INTERVAL, "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("StrictEntryNodes"),
  OBSOLETE("StrictExitNodes"),
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  V(StrictNodes,                 BOOL,     "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("Support022HiddenServices"),
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  V(TestSocks,                   BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(TokenBucketRefillInterval,   MSEC_INTERVAL, "100 msec"),
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  V(Tor2webMode,                 BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(Tor2webRendezvousPoints,      ROUTERSET, NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("TLSECGroup"),
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  V(TrackHostExits,              CSV,      NULL),
  V(TrackHostExitsExpire,        INTERVAL, "30 minutes"),
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  OBSOLETE("TransListenAddress"),
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  VPORT(TransPort),
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  V(TransProxyType,              STRING,   "default"),
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  OBSOLETE("TunnelDirConns"),
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  V(UpdateBridgesFromAuthority,  BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(UseBridges,                  BOOL,     "0"),
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  VAR("UseEntryGuards",          BOOL,     UseEntryGuards_option, "1"),
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  OBSOLETE("UseEntryGuardsAsDirGuards"),
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  V(UseGuardFraction,            AUTOBOOL, "auto"),
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  V(UseMicrodescriptors,         AUTOBOOL, "auto"),
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  OBSOLETE("UseNTorHandshake"),
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  V(User,                        STRING,   NULL),
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  OBSOLETE("UserspaceIOCPBuffers"),
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  V(AuthDirSharedRandomness,     BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(AuthDirTestEd25519LinkKeys,  BOOL,     "1"),
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  OBSOLETE("V1AuthoritativeDirectory"),
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  OBSOLETE("V2AuthoritativeDirectory"),
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  VAR("V3AuthoritativeDirectory",BOOL, V3AuthoritativeDir,   "0"),
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  V(TestingV3AuthInitialVotingInterval, INTERVAL, "30 minutes"),
  V(TestingV3AuthInitialVoteDelay, INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
  V(TestingV3AuthInitialDistDelay, INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
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  V(TestingV3AuthVotingStartOffset, INTERVAL, "0"),
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  V(V3AuthVotingInterval,        INTERVAL, "1 hour"),
  V(V3AuthVoteDelay,             INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
  V(V3AuthDistDelay,             INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
  V(V3AuthNIntervalsValid,       UINT,     "3"),
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  V(V3AuthUseLegacyKey,          BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(V3BandwidthsFile,            FILENAME, NULL),
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  V(GuardfractionFile,           FILENAME, NULL),
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  VAR("VersioningAuthoritativeDirectory",BOOL,VersioningAuthoritativeDir, "0"),
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  OBSOLETE("VoteOnHidServDirectoriesV2"),
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  V(VirtualAddrNetworkIPv4,      STRING,   "127.192.0.0/10"),
  V(VirtualAddrNetworkIPv6,      STRING,   "[FE80::]/10"),
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  V(WarnPlaintextPorts,          CSV,      "23,109,110,143"),
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  OBSOLETE("UseFilteringSSLBufferevents"),
  OBSOLETE("__UseFilteringSSLBufferevents"),
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  VAR("__ReloadTorrcOnSIGHUP",   BOOL,  ReloadTorrcOnSIGHUP,      "1"),
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  VAR("__AllDirActionsPrivate",  BOOL,  AllDirActionsPrivate,     "0"),
  VAR("__DisablePredictedCircuits",BOOL,DisablePredictedCircuits, "0"),
  VAR("__LeaveStreamsUnattached",BOOL,  LeaveStreamsUnattached,   "0"),
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  VAR("__HashedControlSessionPassword", LINELIST, HashedControlSessionPassword,
      NULL),
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  VAR("__OwningControllerProcess",STRING,OwningControllerProcess, NULL),
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  V(MinUptimeHidServDirectoryV2, INTERVAL, "96 hours"),
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  V(TestingServerDownloadSchedule, CSV_INTERVAL, "0, 0, 0, 60, 60, 120, "
                                 "300, 900, 2147483647"),
  V(TestingClientDownloadSchedule, CSV_INTERVAL, "0, 0, 60, 300, 600, "
                                 "2147483647"),
  V(TestingServerConsensusDownloadSchedule, CSV_INTERVAL, "0, 0, 60, "
                                 "300, 600, 1800, 1800, 1800, 1800, "
                                 "1800, 3600, 7200"),
  V(TestingClientConsensusDownloadSchedule, CSV_INTERVAL, "0, 0, 60, "
                                 "300, 600, 1800, 3600, 3600, 3600, "
                                 "10800, 21600, 43200"),
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  /* With the ClientBootstrapConsensus*Download* below:
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   * Clients with only authorities will try:
   *  - 3 authorities over 10 seconds, then wait 60 minutes.
   * Clients with authorities and fallbacks will try:
   *  - 2 authorities and 4 fallbacks over 21 seconds, then wait 60 minutes.
   * Clients will also retry when an application request arrives.
   * After a number of failed reqests, clients retry every 3 days + 1 hour.
   *
   * Clients used to try 2 authorities over 10 seconds, then wait for
   * 60 minutes or an application request.
   *
   * When clients have authorities and fallbacks available, they use these
   * schedules: (we stagger the times to avoid thundering herds) */
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  V(ClientBootstrapConsensusAuthorityDownloadSchedule, CSV_INTERVAL,
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    "6, 11, 3600, 10800, 25200, 54000, 111600, 262800" /* 3 days + 1 hour */),
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  V(ClientBootstrapConsensusFallbackDownloadSchedule, CSV_INTERVAL,
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    "0, 1, 4, 11, 3600, 10800, 25200, 54000, 111600, 262800"),
  /* When clients only have authorities available, they use this schedule: */
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  V(ClientBootstrapConsensusAuthorityOnlyDownloadSchedule, CSV_INTERVAL,
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    "0, 3, 7, 3600, 10800, 25200, 54000, 111600, 262800"),
  /* We don't want to overwhelm slow networks (or mirrors whose replies are
   * blocked), but we also don't want to fail if only some mirrors are
   * blackholed. Clients will try 3 directories simultaneously.
   * (Relays never use simultaneous connections.) */
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  V(ClientBootstrapConsensusMaxInProgressTries, UINT, "3"),
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  V(TestingBridgeDownloadSchedule, CSV_INTERVAL, "1200, 900, 900, 3600"),
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  V(TestingClientMaxIntervalWithoutRequest, INTERVAL, "10 minutes"),
  V(TestingDirConnectionMaxStall, INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
  V(TestingConsensusMaxDownloadTries, UINT, "8"),
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  /* Since we try connections rapidly and simultaneously, we can afford
   * to give up earlier. (This protects against overloading directories.) */
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  V(ClientBootstrapConsensusMaxDownloadTries, UINT, "7"),
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  /* We want to give up much earlier if we're only using authorities. */
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  V(ClientBootstrapConsensusAuthorityOnlyMaxDownloadTries, UINT, "4"),
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  V(TestingDescriptorMaxDownloadTries, UINT, "8"),
  V(TestingMicrodescMaxDownloadTries, UINT, "8"),
  V(TestingCertMaxDownloadTries, UINT, "8"),
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  V(TestingDirAuthVoteExit, ROUTERSET, NULL),
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  V(TestingDirAuthVoteExitIsStrict,  BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(TestingDirAuthVoteGuard, ROUTERSET, NULL),
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  V(TestingDirAuthVoteGuardIsStrict,  BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(TestingDirAuthVoteHSDir, ROUTERSET, NULL),
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  V(TestingDirAuthVoteHSDirIsStrict,  BOOL,     "0"),
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  VAR("___UsingTestNetworkDefaults", BOOL, UsingTestNetworkDefaults_, "0"),
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  { NULL, CONFIG_TYPE_OBSOLETE, 0, NULL }
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};
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/** Override default values with these if the user sets the TestingTorNetwork
 * option. */
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static const config_var_t testing_tor_network_defaults[] = {
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  V(ServerDNSAllowBrokenConfig,  BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(DirAllowPrivateAddresses,    BOOL,     "1"),
  V(EnforceDistinctSubnets,      BOOL,     "0"),
  V(AssumeReachable,             BOOL,     "1"),
  V(AuthDirMaxServersPerAddr,    UINT,     "0"),
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  V(ClientBootstrapConsensusAuthorityDownloadSchedule, CSV_INTERVAL,
    "0, 2, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 8, 16, 32, 60"),
  V(ClientBootstrapConsensusFallbackDownloadSchedule, CSV_INTERVAL,
    "0, 1, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 8, 16, 32, 60"),
  V(ClientBootstrapConsensusAuthorityOnlyDownloadSchedule, CSV_INTERVAL,
    "0, 1, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 8, 16, 32, 60"),
  V(ClientBootstrapConsensusMaxDownloadTries, UINT, "80"),
  V(ClientBootstrapConsensusAuthorityOnlyMaxDownloadTries, UINT, "80"),
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  V(ClientDNSRejectInternalAddresses, BOOL,"0"), // deprecated in 0.2.9.2-alpha
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  V(ClientRejectInternalAddresses, BOOL,   "0"),
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  V(CountPrivateBandwidth,       BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(ExitPolicyRejectPrivate,     BOOL,     "0"),
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  V(ExtendAllowPrivateAddresses, BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(V3AuthVotingInterval,        INTERVAL, "5 minutes"),
  V(V3AuthVoteDelay,             INTERVAL, "20 seconds"),
  V(V3AuthDistDelay,             INTERVAL, "20 seconds"),
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  V(TestingV3AuthInitialVotingInterval, INTERVAL, "150 seconds"),
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  V(TestingV3AuthInitialVoteDelay, INTERVAL, "20 seconds"),
  V(TestingV3AuthInitialDistDelay, INTERVAL, "20 seconds"),
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  V(TestingV3AuthVotingStartOffset, INTERVAL, "0"),
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  V(TestingAuthDirTimeToLearnReachability, INTERVAL, "0 minutes"),
  V(TestingEstimatedDescriptorPropagationTime, INTERVAL, "0 minutes"),
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  V(MinUptimeHidServDirectoryV2, INTERVAL, "0 minutes"),
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  V(TestingServerDownloadSchedule, CSV_INTERVAL, "0, 0, 0, 5, 10, 15, "
                                 "20, 30, 60"),
  V(TestingClientDownloadSchedule, CSV_INTERVAL, "0, 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, "
                                 "30, 60"),
  V(TestingServerConsensusDownloadSchedule, CSV_INTERVAL, "0, 0, 5, 10, "
                                 "15, 20, 30, 60"),
  V(TestingClientConsensusDownloadSchedule, CSV_INTERVAL, "0, 0, 5, 10, "
                                 "15, 20, 30, 60"),
  V(TestingBridgeDownloadSchedule, CSV_INTERVAL, "60, 30, 30, 60"),
  V(TestingClientMaxIntervalWithoutRequest, INTERVAL, "5 seconds"),
  V(TestingDirConnectionMaxStall, INTERVAL, "30 seconds"),
  V(TestingConsensusMaxDownloadTries, UINT, "80"),
  V(TestingDescriptorMaxDownloadTries, UINT, "80"),
  V(TestingMicrodescMaxDownloadTries, UINT, "80"),
  V(TestingCertMaxDownloadTries, UINT, "80"),
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  V(TestingEnableConnBwEvent,    BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(TestingEnableCellStatsEvent, BOOL,     "1"),
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  V(TestingEnableTbEmptyEvent,   BOOL,     "1"),
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  VAR("___UsingTestNetworkDefaults", BOOL, UsingTestNetworkDefaults_, "1"),
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  V(RendPostPeriod,              INTERVAL, "2 minutes"),
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  { NULL, CONFIG_TYPE_OBSOLETE, 0, NULL }
};
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#undef VAR
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#undef V
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#undef OBSOLETE

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static const config_deprecation_t option_deprecation_notes_[] = {
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  /* Deprecated since 0.2.9.2-alpha... */
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  { "AllowDotExit", "Unrestricted use of the .exit notation can be used for "
    "a wide variety of application-level attacks." },
  { "ClientDNSRejectInternalAddresses", "Turning this on makes your client "
    "easier to fingerprint, and may open you to esoteric attacks." },
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  /* End of options deprecated since 0.2.9.2-alpha. */
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  { NULL, NULL }
};

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#ifdef _WIN32
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static char *get_windows_conf_root(void);
#endif
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static int options_act_reversible(const or_options_t *old_options, char **msg);
static int options_transition_allowed(const or_options_t *old,
                                      const or_options_t *new,
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                                      char **msg);
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static int options_transition_affects_workers(
      const or_options_t *old_options, const or_options_t *new_options);
static int options_transition_affects_descriptor(
      const or_options_t *old_options, const or_options_t *new_options);
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static int normalize_nickname_list(config_line_t **normalized_out,
                                   const config_line_t *lst, const char *name,
                                   char **msg);
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static char *get_bindaddr_from_transport_listen_line(const char *line,
                                                     const char *transport);
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static int parse_ports(or_options_t *options, int validate_only,
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                              char **msg_out, int *n_ports_out,
                              int *world_writable_control_socket);
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static int check_server_ports(const smartlist_t *ports,
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                              const or_options_t *options,
                              int *num_low_ports_out);
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static int validate_data_directory(or_options_t *options);
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static int write_configuration_file(const char *fname,
                                    const or_options_t *options);
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static int options_init_logs(const or_options_t *old_options,
                             or_options_t *options, int validate_only);
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static void init_libevent(const or_options_t *options);
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static int opt_streq(const char *s1, const char *s2);
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static int parse_outbound_addresses(or_options_t *options, int validate_only,
                                    char **msg);
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static void config_maybe_load_geoip_files_(const or_options_t *options,
                                           const or_options_t *old_options);
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static int options_validate_cb(void *old_options, void *options,
                               void *default_options,
                               int from_setconf, char **msg);
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static uint64_t compute_real_max_mem_in_queues(const uint64_t val,
                                               int log_guess);
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/** Magic value for or_options_t. */
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#define OR_OPTIONS_MAGIC 9090909

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/** Configuration format for or_options_t. */
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STATIC config_format_t options_format = {
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  sizeof(or_options_t),
  OR_OPTIONS_MAGIC,
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  STRUCT_OFFSET(or_options_t, magic_),
  option_abbrevs_,
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  option_deprecation_notes_,
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  option_vars_,
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  options_validate_cb,
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  NULL
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};

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/*
 * Functions to read and write the global options pointer.
 */

/** Command-line and config-file options. */
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static or_options_t *global_options = NULL;
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/** The fallback options_t object; this is where we look for options not
 * in torrc before we fall back to Tor's defaults. */
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static or_options_t *global_default_options = NULL;
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/** Name of most recently read torrc file. */
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static char *torrc_fname = NULL;
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/** Name of the most recently read torrc-defaults file.*/
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static char *torrc_defaults_fname;
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/** Configuration options set by command line. */