Tor glossary version 1.0
add-on, extension, or plugin
cross-site scripting (XSS)
Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) allows an attacker to add malicious functionality or behavior to a website when they shouldn't have the ability to do so.
A daemon is a computer program that runs as a background process, rather than being under the direct control of a user.
The Tor Project participates in the Google Summer of Code, which is a summer program for university students.
A cryptographic hash value is the result of a mathematical algorithm that maps data to a bit string of a fixed size. It's designed as one-way-function which means the value is easy to calculate in one direction but infeasible to invert. Hash values serve to verify the integrity of data.
The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a channel used to send files and data between devices on a network. Originally used to transfer only web pages, it is now relied upon to deliver many forms of data and communication.
Internet Service Provider (ISP)
"little-t tor" is one way of referring to tor the network daemon, as opposed to Tor Browser or Tor Project.
New Tor Circuit for this Site
Operating System (OS)
The main system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs. The most used desktop operating systems are Windows, OS X and Linux. Android and iOS are the dominant mobile operating systems.
public key cryptography
Elements used for offering dynamic/interactive content via websites.
A device on a network which offers a service, such as file and web page storage, email or chat.
single onion service
The Sybil attack in computer security is an attack wherein a reputation system is subverted by creating a large number of identities, and using them to gain a disproportionately large influence in the network.
The Tor Project
The Tor Project can refer to either The Tor Project Inc, a 501(c)3 US nonprofit responsible for maintaining the Tor software, or the Tor Project community made up of thousands of volunteers from all over the world who help create Tor.
Tor / Tor network/ Core Tor
TPI is an acronym for The Tor Project, Inc.
People on IRC often use
tpo to abbreviate
torproject.org when writing hostnames. For example,
trac.tpo is an abbreviation for
A website mirror is an one-to-one copy of a website which you can find under other web addresses. A current list of torproject.org mirrors is available at https://www.torproject.org/getinvolved/mirrors.html.en.
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